Liver cancer is a "silent" disease, and the symptoms appear only when the disease has worsened. The first signs that should be investigated medically are the sensation of fatigue and weight loss. The liver does not hurt, but in case of disease it becomes inflamed, it becomes easily palpable and in advanced stages of cancer, its functions are lost. Thus, high fever, jaundice (yellowing of the skin) and ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdomen) appear.
Causes leading to liver cancer
Sick cancert it is the cancer that forms in the cells of the liver. This type of cancer occurs more often in people past the age of 50, and men are twice as likely as women to develop this disease.
The liver is located under the right lung and is one of the largest organs of the human body. It consists of the right lobe and the left lobe. The liver has several functions, including detoxification, protein synthesis, as well as producing substances essential for digestion.
The most common type of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma. World Health Organization experts say the disease occurs on average in 30 out of 100,000 people worldwide. The causes that can lead to the growth of the rich to develop liver cancer are:
• Anabolic steroid intake – These male hormones, used regularly over a long period of time, may increase the risk of developing liver cancer, as well as other types of cancer.
• Cirrhosis – when the liver cells are damaged they are replaced by scar tissue, which is why people with liver cirrhosis have a higher risk of developing liver cancer.
• Hepatitis B or C – people who suffer from these diseases have a significantly higher risk of developing liver cancer compared to other people who do not have the viruses
• Low immunity – for people with a weakened immune system, the risk of developing liver cancer increases about five times.
• Obesity – increases the risk of developing several types of cancer, including liver cancer.
• Smoking – people with hepatitis B or C have a higher risk of liver cancer if they smoke.
• Arsenic poisoning – people who consume liquids or foods containing traces of arsenic have a significantly higher risk of developing more serious diseases, including liver cancer.
The survival rate after 5 years of patients treated with hepatocarcinoma is only 8%! A very small and frightening figure. "Liver cancer is generally detected in advanced stages, because the symptoms at the beginning are either not there or are easily ignored. Most patients accidentally find, on routine ultrasound, that they have a liver cancer, ”says Prof. Dr. Yaman Tokat, director of the Liver Transplant Institute in Turkey. The curative treatment is: surgical, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, applied alone or in combination. At the same time, new studies show that immunotherapy and intrahepatic embolization help considerably in the fight with this disease.