Unexplained fatigue, blurred mind, extra pounds and hair loss are all signs of a thyroid gland problem. The same is true for the opposite symptoms: sweating and anxiety.
This "regulator" of the body and mind sometimes goes crazy, especially in the case of women. Proper treatment is extremely important for maintaining health and avoiding serious problems.
The thyroid is a butterfly gland, located in the front of the neck. It produces hormones that control the speed of metabolism. Thyroid disorders can slow down or revitalize metabolism by inhibiting thyroid hormone production. When your hormone level is too low or too high, a wide range of symptoms may occur.
If you feel tired for no reason: do not work hard physically, sleep more than 6 hours a night, eat properly – then guilt may be thyroid.
A deficiency of thyroid function – hypothyroidism – can lead to a decrease in thyroid hormones, which results in a "sluggishness" of the entire metabolism, of the function of most organs in the body, including the brain. The patient experiences an unexplained fatigue, it is difficult to even get up to get a cup of water, physical activities become difficult, etc.
2. Changes in memory and mental state
A hypothyroid becomes depressive, thinks hard, forgets and remembers with difficulty certain information, basically the brain functions "slacken".
In the case of a hyperthyroid, the brain functions are "worse", the patient tends to euphoria, but quickly passes from one idea to another, forget what he spoke 5 seconds ago, he has a sharp and unstable mind. He sleeps less and is overactive.
3. Changes in sexual function and menstruation
Changes in sexual function in both men and women may also be due to thyroid disorders: libido disorder, erection, infertility. Also, menstrual disorders in women may have a thyroid pathology.
4. Feeling of choking and palpitations
Palpitations can often be accompanied by the sensation of suffocation. The affected person feels the beating of the heart as being strong, fast and at the same time has a "thirst for air".
These manifestations may occur in several pathologies, including hyperthyroidism or thyroid cancer with hyperthyroid manifestations – excess thyroid hormones.
The effects of hyperthyroidism can be very severe in a seizure, with cardiac arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, which is difficult to respond to and may culminate in death.
5. Changes in the skin
If the skin becomes harsher, it thickens, is dull, lacks vitality, dry and cold – possibly hypothyroidism;
If the skin becomes moist, thin, soft, soft to the touch ("baby-like"), warm – possibly hyperthyroidism
6. Digestive disorders
Severe constipation is commonly associated with hypothyroidism, and diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome are specific to hyperthyroidism.
7. Muscle and joint pain
The sensations of pain in the muscles and joints and the feeling of weakness of the arms may be indications of the poor functioning of the thyroid gland.
Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism cause increased blood pressure. According to estimates, people with hypothyroidism have a 2-3 times higher risk of hypertension.
9. Changes in body temperature
Thyroid disorders can affect the ability to regulate body temperature. People with hypothyroidism will be colder than normal. Hyperthyroidism has the opposite effect, causing excessive sweating.
10. Thickening of the voice
It is possible that the patient concerned did not notice the change of voice, but those around them may notice this change. If the voice changes, especially by thickening the vocal stamp, it is most likely hypothyroid. Also the thinning of the voice, easy to see especially in the case of a man, may suggest a thyroid pathology – hyperthyroidism – but also another local or endocrine disease in the larynx.
11. Sudden change in weight
One of the most common symptoms that suggest a thyroid gland problem is sudden weight change. Weight gain indicates a low level of thyroid gland hormones, which is called hypothyroidism. At the opposite pole, if the thyroid produces more hormones than the body needs, there will be a sudden drop in weight, which is called hyperthyroidism.
12. Excessive hair loss
Hair loss can be physiological in various cases such as stress, change of season, change of diet, intense sports, excessive use of hair care products and hairstyles etc.
But if this hair loss lasts for more than two weeks, it will continue to appear when you stop using cosmetics for your hair – you should consult your dermatologist. You may have a scalp infection, a vitamin D or ferritin deficiency (iron deposits decrease or you are anemic), you have an infection, or you have an endocrine disorder (thyroid, ovary).
Analyzes are recommended for the detection of the above pathologies, including anti-thyroid hyperoxidase (ATPO) antibodies for a possible autoimmune thyroiditis.
13. Discomfort and anatomical changes in the neck
If you have a feeling that your neck is swollen or you even notice anatomical changes at this level (goose), accompanied by changes of voice ask for emergency medical check-up.
Treatment of hypothyroidism
If you are diagnosed with hypothyroidism, your doctor will prescribe you hormones in the form of pills, and your health will be noticed within a few weeks. Most people with hypothyroidism will have to take hormones for the rest of their lives.
Treatment of hyperthyroidism
The most common treatment for hyperthyroidism is the administration of anti-thyroid drugs, which aim to reduce the amount of hormones produced by the thyroid gland.
Surgery for thyroid disorders
Elimination of the thyroid gland can cure hyperthyroidism, but the procedure is recommended only if the drugs do not work or if the patient has a large mouth. Surgery may also be recommended in patients with thyroid nodules. Once the thyroid is eliminated, most patients require daily thyroid hormone supplements to prevent the development of hypothyroidism.
Thyroid cancer is rarely encountered and is among the least dangerous types of cancer. The main symptom is a lump or swelling of the neck. Only 5% of thyroid nodules turn out to be cancerous.