Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the immune system and makes it very difficult to fight the body with various infections or diseases. The first stage of the disease, basically the incubation period lasts from a few days to a few weeks after infection and the symptoms are flu-like, the so-called acute retroviral syndrome.
Acute Retroviral Syndrome is the first manifestation of HIV infection occurring approximately 2-4 weeks after infecting contact. Often, the manifestations are confused by the patient with those of the flu or a viral infection, so the doctor does not get to the doctor.
As a rule, the first symptoms resemble those associated with influenza, so the patient has high fever, 40 degrees Celsius, but sometimes there are some erythematous elements. In other words, skin-specific signs, painful ulcerations either at the mouth, anal or vaginal level occur. At the same time, other symptoms of this syndrome include: diarrhea, headache, rash, enlarged nose of the throat, abdominal cramps, vomiting, weight loss.
Therefore, it is very important for the person concerned to get to the doctor, be diagnosed. A person may have this virus many years without knowing, without having any symptoms. More serious is that in the final stage of HIV infection, disease progresses to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and treatment options are limited. As a rule, experts say, in a person who does not take proper and constant treatment, HIV infection will evolve to AIDS within 10-12 years of infected contact. However, once the disease is diagnosed and prescribing the treatment of a physician, the patient may have an increased quality of life. Practically, the treatment of disease progression is slowed down a lot.
The last stage of the disease is quite serious as manifestation, there are infections and neoplasms that can affect the nervous system, but also other organs or systems.
It should be remembered that HIV is transmitted through unprotected sex through blood transfusions, but also from the mother to the newborn, including breast milk during breastfeeding. Over 70% of infections are transmitted to the baby at birth.
It is essential to prevent this disease, this infection, to go to a regular physician to do your analyzes. And it does not omit the primary infection, the acute one that is accompanied by retroviral syndrome most of the time, is undiagnosed. Therefore, it is important that you go to a doctor, periodically weave yourself. The disease is diagnosed with blood tests. It's very easy, just ask your doctor to test your anti-HIV antibodies. And obviously, do everything in your power to prevent the disease: not having unprotected sexual contacts. Unfortunately, today there is no anti-HIV vaccine.