And in the summer you can make pneumonia
Although pneumonia is a disease whose incidence is winter and summer you can make illness. Pneumonia is a lung infection that occurs after contact with various microorganisms. From viruses, bacteria or fungi. Unfortunately, no person is protected from this disease.
However, disease complications occur more often at certain risk groups. More specifically, in children, pregnant women or patients with chronic conditions.
There are several types of disease in the literature:
- Pneumococcal pneumonia that occurs due to Streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Pneumonia caused by Haemophilus influenzae. The good news is that it can be prevented by vaccination.
- Another type of disease is caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophilla.
- Pneumonia with Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a mild form.
- The pneumonia produced by Chlamydia pneumonia is easily transmitted through drops of liquid removed when an ill person coughs.
- Viral pneumonia can be recovered by flu vaccination. Vaccinations are usually done at the beginning of September.
- Staphylococcal pneumonia, which is a Staphylococcus aureus culprit.
- Pneumonia with gram-negative bacteria (Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, Enterobacter) is very severe, and treatment involves hospitalization of the patient.
- Fungal pneumonia, whose treatment is based on antifungal medication, is a good prognosis illness.
Here are the main signs and symptoms of the disease:
- Cough is strong, productive, associated with sputum expectoration.
- There are pains in the chest area.
- The patient usually has high fever. This is often followed by chills and general malaise.
- Dyspnea is most of the time present during the time of disease progression.
- The confusion that is typically present in the elderly,
- Children under 5 years of age have severe fever, heavy coughing and heavy breathing. They must reach the doctor, diagnosis and appropriate treatment immediately.
How to diagnose:
The patient will be controlled, his lungs are listened with the stethoscope. Most of the times, after an x-ray, a diagnosis can be made.
What is the treatment:
The patient will receive a recommendation for rest, will need to hydrate correctly and stop smoking – if he is a smoker. To lower the temperature, you can put on your chest cataplasma with horseradish or mustard. Symptoms of treatment include anti-thermal drugs such as paracetamol or aspirin, and antitussives. In the case of viral pneumonitis, these measures may be sufficient. Very rarely, in serious cases, the doctor will recommend antibiotic only in order to prevent bacterial superinfection. Proper use of antibiotics reduces the severity of pneumonia and the risk of complications. For patients with multiple chronic diseases, it is possible to recommend hospitalization. But also injectable treatment. Therefore, it is advisable to note that antibiotics are taken only if you have been diagnosed with viral pneumonia.