Angina pectoris is a common disorder among young people in our country.
Doctors warn that an episode of angina does not necessarily mean a myocardial infarction, but he warns that there is a risk of a myocardial infarction.
The best treatment is to take preventive measures to limit risk factors: hypertension, excess cholesterol, smoking, diabetes and obesity.
An episode of angina expresses a greater need for oxygen of part of the heart muscle. This higher oxygen requirement is temporary – for example when the person is physically trying and when the heart needs more oxygen.
Diagnosis and evaluation of angina involves clinical evaluation, laboratory tests and specific cardiac investigations.
"Risk factors are controllable and measures for a healthy lifestyle can actually be introduced from the earliest years of life to the child, but at any time they can be applied throughout life, for example to prevent a recurrence of myocardial infarction or hypertensive seizures. Avoid sedentarism, correct nutrition, stop smoking and prevent high blood pressure and obesity, optimal control of food and glycemia in diabetes, "explained Sergiu Batar, a cardiologist at Sibiu Diagnostic MRI.
The doctor also claims that observing repeated cardiac examinations, conducting analyzes and taking treatment helps keep the disease under control.
Two types of angina pectoris
Stable angina. A common and disabling disorder. The condition and condition of the patient is stationary, under control, not undergoing changes for long periods of time. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by chest discomfort, stress syndrome or emotional stress and ameliorated at rest or when administered with nitroglycerin. Less commonly, discomfort may occur in the epigastric region. Patients with stable angina are at risk of developing an acute coronary syndrome. The patient will have episodes of angina in the effort but they give up at rest and oral treatment. Also, doctors claim that when it is cold outside, frost, angina may manifest itself at a much lower effort than usual.
Unstable angina. Unstable angina translates into the pathological condition between stable angina and acute myocardial infarction. More precisely, unstable angina is characterized by a sudden aggravation of the angina model, which becomes more frequent, more severe and / or occurs at a lower exercise or resting threshold. It should be noted that unstable angina is a medical emergency, manifested by chest pain caused by a low blood flow to the heart muscles.
Pain, located behind the sternum
As a rule, the pain is located behind the sternum, the lower, the middle or the upper, and rarely in front of the heart. The pain also irradiates the left arm and forearm. The patient describes pain as a feeling of pressure, pressure, burning. Angina crises are always accompanied by fear and anxiety. Pain occurs in physical effort and may disappear when it stops. A typical episode of angina lasts from 2 to 10 minutes.
What is the treatment:
The cardiologist will prescribe oral medication. In severe cases, when the patient has unstable angina, it will be decided to be hospitalized for a coronary, and then a stent will be mounted. However, it is essential that the patient does not smoke, eat healthy, eliminate the fat in his diet and have no weight problems. However, associated conditions should be treated appropriately. Specifically, particular attention should be paid to controlling blood pressure, diabetes and other metabolic syndrome diseases, which increase the risk of progression of coronary artery disease.