Blood pressure has new values considered normal, after the American Association of Cardiologists (AHA) launched in 2018 a new guide on this topic.
The AHA had not published a guide for 14 years, and the changes are noticeable in terms of measurement, but also blood pressure management. Now, not only the major importance of drug treatment is underlined, but also the radical change in lifestyle.
According to the new recommendations, the first degree of high blood pressure corresponds to values above 130/80 mmHg (as opposed to the old guidelines, which indicated a threshold value of 140/90 mmHg).
How does the new guideline define high blood pressure?
The blood pressure (TA) of each person can be classified in one of the following classes:
Normal TA: systolic TA below 120 mmHg and diastolic TA below 80 mmHg;
Increased TA: systolic TA between 120 and 129 mmHg and diastolic TA below 80 mmHg;
Grade I hypertension: systolic TA between 130 and 139 mmHg or diastolic TA between 80 and 89 mmHg;
Grade II hypertension: systolic AP over 140 mmHg or diastolic AP over 90 mmHg.
Dr. Kenneth Jamerson, professor of internal medicine, specialist in hypertension at the University of Michigan and one of the authors of the guide, about the impact of these new recommendations:
"There will be more hypertensives, more people undergoing drug treatment, but more lives will be saved, as this will prevent more strokes, cardiovascular events and kidney failure. But if we want to invest in the medical system, it is for the benefit of all to focus treatment and prevention on this early stage of the disease. ”
The firm recommendations of the new guide:
Weight loss: Attention, overweight patients!
Healthy diet: rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low in saturated fat;
Decreased sodium dietary intake: below 1.5 g / day;
Increased dietary intake of potassium: between 3.5 and 5 g / day;
Varied physical activity: aerobic exercises and resistance exercises;
Limiting daily alcohol consumption: 1 alcoholic beverage for women and 2 for men.