Breast cancer. Statistics are alarming! A woman in eight will be diagnosed with breast cancer and there are more than 3.1 million women with a history of breast cancer only in the US.
For americans, death from breast cancer is more prevalent than death due to other cancers, but the second as the lung after death.
Given the prevalence of this type of cancer both in the US and around the world, it's crucial to know as much about cancer and to know how to find it in the early stages.
Breast Cancer Types
According to Dr. David Weintritt of the National Breast Center Foundation, there are two main types of breast cancer.
Breast cancers are classified into two main groups: in situ (preinvasive) and invasive. In the case of in situ tumors, cancer remains close to the location of origin within the limits of the breasts or lobules of the breast. In situ tumors are known as ductal carcinoma in situ or lobular carcinoma in situ.
In situ tumors may sometimes take a more invasive form, so surgical removal is usually recommended. In situ cancers have a good prognosis. Invasive tumors spread to other breast tissues and generally have less good prognosis than cancers in situ.
Once the tumors become invasive, there is an increased risk of spreading cancer to the lymph nodes and other areas of the body. The most common type of invasive cancer, found in approximately 80% of cases, is invasive ductal carcinoma (or ductal infiltrate carcinoma). The next, accounting for approximately 5-10% of cases, is invasive lobular carcinoma.
The main signs and symptoms, which must alert you, DO NOT GIVE YOU and go straight to control! Like any cancer found in early stages, it can be treated successfully.
- Strong form in the breast
- Larger lymph nodes in the axilla or other strange swelling
- Breast pain that does not disappear
- Changes in the breast: shape, size, skin texture, skin color
- The appearance of redness on the breast, irritation or itching
- Breast reduction or enlargement
- Changes in nipple
- Scratches of the breast skin
- Redirecting the nipple
Beyond the onset of swelling, the symptoms of breast cancer may vary from person to person.
Know your body and do not be afraid to talk to a doctor, ask for information and argue your opinions and fears. It is much better to convince yourself that you are well, it is a relief to hear that everything is all right than to ignore the aggressive breast cancer and not to detect it.
Look for physicians to resonate and including second medical opinion to make sure everything is under control.
According to Anderson, these are the most important risk factors for breast cancer:
- Age (most breast cancers occur in women aged 50+, but is not excluded in younger women)
- Family history (if mother, sister, daughter) have experienced ovarian or breast cancer. Genes inherited BRCA1 and BRCA2 are responsible for 5-10% of cases of breast cancer
- If you had menstruation before the age of 12
- If menopause occurred after 55 years
- If you did not have children
- If you made your first child after the age of 30
- Using oral contraceptives
- Using hormonal treatment after menopause
- Obesity or fattening
- Diet rich in saturated fats
- Daily alcohol consumption
How to prevent breast cancer
- Reduce drastically the consumption of saturated fat
- Consume Omega3 fatty acids
- Reduce stress
- Practice yoga and meditation
- Do breathing exercises
- Be forgiving and grateful
- Stop smoking. All. From today!
- Drink as little alcohol as possible
- Sleep enough
- Get your breasts lunar. Install an app that monitors your menstrual cycle and get notifications to remember to check your breasts.
Knowing the symptoms and prevention methods is very important. Inform yourself permanently.