You may feel the chest pain in any area from the neck to the upper abdomen. Depending on the cause, chest pains can be: sharp, deaf, burning, painful, in the form of a stab, a pushing sensation.
The most common causes of chest pain
angina. A blockage in the blood vessels of the heart, which reduces the flow of blood and oxygen that goes to the heart muscle, causing pain, but no permanent lesions in the heart. In this case, the pain can spread to the arm, shoulder and jaw. It can feel like a pressure or a feeling of squeezing. Chest pain, which is caused by angina pectoris, can be triggered by physical exercise, strong emotions, or emotional stress. You can get rid of pain through rest.
Myocardial infarction (heart attack). Reducing blood flow through the blood vessels of the heart causes the death of heart muscle cells. Although it is similar to the pain caused by angina, the pain during a heart attack is more severe and does not pass if you resume. Sweating, nausea and weakness are other symptoms that can accompany pain.
myocarditis. Besides chest pain, this inflammation of the heart muscle can cause fever, fatigue, and breathing problems. Although in the case of myocarditis there is no blockage, its symptoms resemble those of a heart attack.
Pericarditis. Pericarditis is an inflammation or infection of the sac around the heart. This causes pain similar to that of angina. However, pericarditis causes sharp pain along the neck and heart muscle. Sometimes pain gets stronger when you breathe, eat or stretch your back.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle thickens, aggravating the process by which the heart pumps the blood. Besides chest pain, this type of cardiomyopathy can cause dizziness, confusion and shortness of breath.
Prolapse of the mitral valve. Mitral valve prolapse is a condition in which a heart valve does not close properly. The primary symptoms of the disorder are: chest pain, palpitations, dizziness. However, the prolapse of the mitral valve may not occur, especially if its shape is an easy one.
Pleuritis. Also known as pleurisy, this condition is the inflammation or irritation of the mucosa from the lungs and chest. If you have pleurisy, you will most likely feel a sharp pain when you breathe, cough or sneeze. The most common cause of pleural chest pain is bacterial or viral infections, pulmonary embolism or pneumothorax. Other uncommon causes include: rheumatoid, lupus, and cancer.
Pneumonia or abscess. These lung infections can cause pleuritic pain and other types of chest pain. Pneumonia occurs most of the time suddenly and is accompanied by fever, chills, cough, accompanied by pus from the respiratory tract.
Pulmonary embolism. When a blood clot circulates through the blood vessels and deposits into the lungs, it can cause acute pleurisy, breathing problems and rapid heartbeat. Lung embolism comes from a deep venous thrombosis or after the patient was immobile after surgery.
pneumothorax. It is often caused by chest chest tightness and occurs when a part of the lung caves, releasing air into the chest cavity.
Pulmonary hypertension. The pain caused by pulmonary hypertension is similar to that caused by angina.
asthma. Causing difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing and sometimes chest pain, asthma is an inflammatory airway disorder.
- Gastrointestinal problems
Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Also known as acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs when stomach contents return to the throat. This can cause a sour taste in the mouth and a burning sensation at the pipette level. Factors that can trigger acid reflux include obesity, smoking, pregnancy, and spicy or fatty foods. Heart pain and acid reflux disease are similar because heart and esophagus are close and share a network of nerves.
Oesophageal contraction disorders. Uncoordinated muscle contractions (spasms) and high pressure contractions are problems in the esophagus, which can cause chest pain.
Esophageal hypersensitivity. These disorders occur when the esophagus becomes painful even at the slightest change in pressure or exposure to acid. The cause of this sensitivity is unknown.
Esophageal rupture. The first signs of esophageal rupture are severe and severe chest pain, followed by vomiting.
Peptic ulcer. A vague but recurrent discomfort could be the result of painful lesions in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine. This is more common in smokers, people who consume large amounts of alcohol or painkillers.
Hiatal hernia. This common problem occurs when the upper part of the stomach "pushes" into the chest after eating.
pancreatitis. You may have pancreatitis if you have chest pain that gets worse when you bend forward.
Problems in the gall bladder. If after eating a fat meal you have the feeling of fullness or pain at the bottom of your chest or at the top of the abdomen, it is possible that the chest pain is caused by a problem in the gallbladder.
- Bone, muscle or nerve problems
Sometimes, pain can be caused by over-stressing or a chest trauma. Viruses can also cause chest pain. Other causes of chest pain include:
Coastal problems. Pain caused by a fracture at the ribs can be worsened by an abnormal breath or cough. This is often limited to one area and you may feel pain when applying pressure.
Muscle tension. Strong cough can injure or inflame the muscles and tendons between the ribs, causing a chest pain. Pain tends to persist and gets worse as you become active.
Shingles. Caused by the varicella-zoster virus, the shingles can cause a sharp pain before the rash occurs.
Anxiety and panic attacks are causes of chest pain. Some associated symptoms may include dizziness, shortness of breath, palpitations, tingling sensation and trembling.