Colorectal cancer. The main risk factors

Colorectal cancer. The main risk factors

Find out what are the risk factors for colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer. Cancer is the most feared diagnosis an individual can get from his doctor.

Sometimes, however, it is up to you to prevent or even diminish the chances of developing this disease that produces millions of deaths annually globally. Colorectal cancer is a type of cancer that, if found early, has over 90% chance of healing.

That is why you need to know what the risk factors are and how to reduce the risk of the disease. For example, colorectal cancer is an extremely common, lethal disease if diagnosed late, but paradoxically, extremely easy to prevent.

Colorectal cancer is very easy to prevent. Patients have screening tests as well as early screening. Colonoscopy is extremely accurate and can detect polyps – small formations grown on the wall of the colon, being the most important analysis when talking about this type of cancer. Furthermore, the polyps can be removed during colonoscopy. This is why both oncologists and gastroenterologists claim that today colonoscopy is the safest method for preventing colorectal cancer.

Here are the main risk factors:

  • Over 50 years of age: More than 90% of people with this disease are over 50 years old when diagnosed with colorectal cancer.
  • The existence of colorectal polyps: polyps are excrescences located on the inner wall of the colon or rectum. Physicians say that in people over 50, the presence of natural colorectal polyps, only some can turn into cancer, become malignant.
  • Genetic heritage, family history of colorectal cancer. In the case of people who have relatives diagnosed with this disease, the risk is much higher compared to those who do not have a family. In their case, colonoscopy is indicated to be done earlier.
  • Personal history of cancer. Specifically, women with a history of ovarian, uterine (endometrial) or breast cancer have a higher risk of developing colon or rectal cancer.

Specialist literature recommends performing specific screening tests after the age of 50 for adults with a medium risk (standard): Occult bleeding test (FOBT) – annually, complete with colonoscopy, if the test is positive, sigmoidoscopy – 5 years or colonoscopy – 10 years.

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