Blood pressure is measured in cmHg (mercury) and has two values (eg 12.8). The first value is systolic blood pressure (blood pressure when the heart pumps the blood) and second, diastolic blood pressure (pressure when the heart does not pump blood). Dangerous is both high (systolic) and low (diastolic) high blood pressure.
Normal tension value – around 12/8
According to the World Health Organization, the optimal blood pressure is 12.8 cm-Hg. If the voltage drops below 9/6 cmHg is considered hypotension and if 14/9 is considered hypertension. There are no differences between men and women in terms of normal blood pressure.
"There are many people who have the tension between 9-12 / 5.5-8 cmHg without having any symptoms. In the absence of symptoms, normal tension is accepted as the permanent value of over 9/6 cmHg. The permanent tension must be taken as a reference. Thus, if a person usually has a voltage of 12.6, a value of 9/6 is a low blood pressure for her, "explains conf.dr. Florin Mitu, cardiologist at the Recovery Hospital in Iasi.
Low blood pressure: dizziness and fainting
The most common symptoms of hypotension are dizziness, disturbed balance, sweating, fainting or fainting. Normally, athletes, non-smokers, weaker women have lower blood pressure. "Those who have hypotension have a lower risk of heart disease or kidney disease, but they can suffer traumas during fainting," says the cardiologist.
As a rule, low blood pressure, especially for a young, healthy person, is not a cause for panic, but the cause needs to be clarified. As a rule, tension decreases in the event of dehydration, heart disease (bradycardia – rare heart beats, frequent heart tachycardia), severe illness (anaphylactic shock, septicemia, pancreatitis) on the nervous system.
Hypertension: headaches, ringing in the ears
Hypertension is more prevalent than hypotension. In Romania, there are 5 million sick people. "The main symptoms are headaches, dizziness, ringing in the ears, chest pain, nasal bleeding. Complications include atherosclerosis (blockage of blood vessels), ischemic heart disease, renal failure, infarction, stroke (four times more common in hypertensives), "draws attention to Dr. Aurelia Constantin, an intern at the Christian Sante Clinic in Bucu reşti. A very high risk of stroke is in obese, sedentary, smoking, alcoholic, high-cholesterol hypertensive patients and those with a family history of hypertension or heart disease.
In case of hypotension, doctors recommend:
drink 2-3 liters of fluid per day
eat foods with higher salt content
avoid alcohol and fat
do not make excess coffee (limit yourself to coffee in the morning)
Eat 4-5 servings of crumbs that restore water loss
In case of hypertension, doctors recommend:
to avoid heat (also for hypotension) and physical effort
to avoid the kitchen salt (attention to sausages and canned foods) and replace it with the medicinal (100% potassium)
to avoid alcohol, coffee and smoking
regularly go to your doctor to check your blood pressure
to avoid stress