Essential rules for optimal diabetes control
The vast majority of patients with diabetes have problems with extra pounds. Especially, those who have type 2 diabetes are either obese or overweight. In their case, after the diagnosis is established, it is necessary to change the lifestyle.
They have to lose weight and do sports. In other words, they must keep your body weight within acceptable limits. It is also good to normalize your blood sugar, uric acid, serum lipids, and have good blood pressure. Smoking will be eliminated and alcohol consumption will be much lower.
Here's what rules should respect a person with diabetes to improve their lifestyle:
- The intake of saturated fats should not exceed 7% of the total caloric intake and trans fat should be greatly reduced.
- Pay attention to carbohydrate consumption if it is desired to improve optimal glycemic control.
- Ideally, the diabetes doctor or nutritionist should give the patient a diet. There will be no need to give up altogether certain foods, but some are consumed in moderation, others do not.
- Eat the food in steam, in the oven and not to roast. Sauces will not be eaten daily but occasionally. Cooking in the oven is very good when you want to lose weight.
- Sport is very important. There will be a movement of at least 30 minutes a day. Careful! Check your blood sugar before and after the effort, precisely to avoid hypoglycaemia.
- Water is also important. In other words, do not neglect the consumption of liquids, especially water.
- Oral health is important. Dental check-ups for the patient with diabetes are mandatory for at least 6 months. It should not be forgotten that diabetes mellitus increases the risk of gingivitis.
- The care of the feet is absolutely vital to them. Patients are at risk for diabetic neuropathy but also for other leg complications. Ideally, a leg examination should be performed on a daily basis. Follow up if blisters, eczema, etc. have not occurred.
- Keeping blood pressure at optimal level is also important. Cardiovascular complications in the patient with diabetes are serious. Consequently, regular check-ups should be made to the cardiologist specialist.