Hypercalcemia is a condition in which the blood calcium level is higher than normal. However good for calcium, experts warn that too much calcium in the blood leads to weakening of the bones, increases the risk of kidney stones and affects the way the heart and the brain work.
The main cause of hypercalcemia is hyperparathyroidism. But other medical conditions can lead to an increase in blood calcium, such as the presence of cancer in the body, especially lung and breast cancer. Statistical data shows that 20% of people with a form of cancer develop hypercalcemia. But the kidney failure patient will have too much calcium in his blood.
Calcium regulation is mainly controlled by parathyroid hormone (PTH), vitamin D and calcitonin.
The main signs and symptoms of hypercalcaemia are:
As a rule, in mild hypercalcemia the symptoms are not perceptible to the patient. When the cause is a more serious medical problem, the symptoms will appear depending on the affected part of the body. For example, the patient may have excessive thirst, often urinate, have abdominal pain, nausea, decreased appetite, constipation, vomiting, muscle weakness if the muscular system is affected. Also, high levels of calcium may lead to bone problems and the main symptoms are: pain, spine bending, frequent bills. Last but not least, hypercalcemia can also cause symptoms specific to depression, memory loss.
The diagnosis of hypercalcaemia is very easy to establish with a blood test. But the causes that cause hypercalcemia are hard to establish and require imaging tests.
What is the treatment:
In the case of mild hypercalcemia, the doctor will not give treatment, but will just follow the patient. But if there is severe hypercalcemia, the patient will be hospitalized. And the goal of the treatment is to reduce the blood calcium level to the normal limit. Also, the purpose of treatment is to prevent damage to the kidneys and bones.