Gout is a painful form of arthritis that in the past was considered the disease of rich people who consumed a lot of game meat (rich in purine).
Currently, gout affects many people, especially males, and is associated with a person's diet, characterized by excessive consumption of meat, seafood and alcohol. In addition to medication, gout is very important to maintain a diet. What is the diet of the gout patient and what the disease is about, explains Dr. Livia Nena, biologist with nutrition specialization.
Livia Nena: It is formed due to urate crystals that practically fasten to the small wrists. The crisis practically occurs with a violent thumb and flushing of the finger. This is a symptomatology, but also clinical evidence that there is a problem of gout in the person. It happens that in this problem, the proteins are no longer metabolized properly.
So there is a disorder in the metabolic process. Proteins are no longer completely decomposed, and then the resulting uric acid is no longer completely removed from the body and deposited as urate crystals. These urate crystals can be deposited on the small wrists on the phalanges of your fingers. Gout is often also an arthritis, ie inflammation of the small joints, and is manifested by a blocking of finger movement, accompanied by a swelling of the fingers. This was a simple presentation of gout, but the conclusion is that in the diet of the person with gout no protein can be spoken, except for an extremely small amount, especially vegetable protein. The animal product is placed under the ban on gout and then the diet will be based on other foods such as carbohydrates, lipids.
First, there is no salt added at all. so salt is contraindicated. Are prohibited organs (kidneys, liver, brain), oily fish (sardines, herring, asparagus, anchovy, salmon, turbot), eggs, lamb, calf, fat, meat sauce, fish, lard, egg yolk, cream, cream, lard, dairy products made from very fatty milk. There are also vegetables that are forbidden, such as spinach, asparagus, tomatoes and tomato concentrates, red beets, cucumbers, celery, white beans, peas. Also,prohibited are and dried figs, blueberries, concentrated sweets, white bread, black bread and vinegar. BAlcoholic beverages are also forbidden, and this is because it deregulates liver metabolism.
Chocolate is strictly forbidden, because it produces urate, it increases the production of uric acid.
Allowed food: sweet or beaten milk, yoghurt, unhealthy and weak cheeses. Cows, hens, chickens, skinless or weak fish are allowed. Permitted roast, perch, 1-2 boiled eggs per week.
Noodles are allowed, including mallard, whole vegetables, light sweets, not very concentrated.
In conclusion, the gout patient's diet is hypoprotetic, normoglucidic and normolipidic.