Hematologist: "Do not ignore inflammation of the lymph nodes, it may be the first sign of lymphatic cancer!"

Hematologist: "Do not ignore inflammation of the lymph nodes, it may be the first sign of lymphatic cancer!"

Hematologist: "Do not ignore inflammation of the lymph nodes, it may be the first sign of lymphatic cancer!"

According to world statistics, the number of people who become ill each year by cancer could reach 24 million by 2035. Oncologists are already talking about cancer as a chronic disease, a situation that has arisen as a result of population aging, but also of the huge progress made in the field of treatment of malignancies.

The therapies are becoming more personalized and take into account each subtype of the disease, and the survival rate and the remission periods have been spectacularly prolonged. As for lymphoma, this form of cancer of the lymphatic system has a constant incidence of 3-4 percent, registered in the world over the last 40 years. There are several forms of lymphoma, the non-Hodgkin type ranking 10th in frequency of malignancies. Hematology experts and oncologists work together to diagnose and treat lymphoma, focusing on symptoms and guiding patients toward the best treatments. Primary hematologist Carmen Paripaș draws attention to important aspects related to this type of malignancy.

  • The causes of lymphoma, another mystery. Until now, medicine has not accurately detected the causes of lymphoma, but doctors talk about the involvement of risk factors in the onset of the disease. "Certain known genetic mutations can cause this condition in the presence of risk-promoting factors: radiation, exposure to toxins, immunodepression, diseases of the immune system. Other known risk factors are: male sex, age 15-35 or over 55 years, immunosuppression, infections with Epstein-Barr virus in the antecedent, ”emphasizes Dr. Carmen Paripaș.
  • Lymphoma starts in white cells. In the human body, there are two types of white cells: those of type B that produce antibodies and those of type T, involved in the destruction of microorganisms and tumor cells. "There are 2 types of lymphoma: Hodgkin and nonhodgkin, the last with two subtitles: indolent and aggressive, most with B cell, rarely with T cell. Both represent a form of cancer of the lymphatic system, distinguished by morphological, immunohistochemical and evolutionary features, but relatively identical as clinical manifestations ”, describes the general picture of the disease the doctor.
  • Symptoms can be common to many conditions. Because there are no screening tests to reveal a lymphoma, the specialists recommend that everyone concerned about health should not ignore certain symptoms and report them to the family doctor and the hematologist. A lymphoma can be manifested by an increase in lymph nodes, fever, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, chest pain, difficulty breathing and chills.
  • Modern therapies increase the life expectancy of patients with lymphoma. Today's medicine allows for the successful treatment of many cases of lymphoma today, thanks to medicines, high-performance interventions and diagnostic methods that offer high accuracy and precision, such as biopsy, tomography, MRI and PET-CT. “The treatment consists of chemotherapy and / or radiotherapy, bone marrow transplantation, immunotherapy, monoclonal antibodies, depending on the stage, prognosis index, histological subtype, age and individual tolerance. The chances of long-term survival have already been increased after the introduction of monoclonal antibody therapy, in certain subtypes of lymphomas, but also here depends on the individuality of each patient. Also, the introduction of large-scale bone marrow transplantation has increased the period of remission, without signs of disease and with the increase of the survival period, ”adds Dr. Carmen Paripaș.
  • The research continues successfully. As with many other types of malignancies, there are numerous ongoing studies related to the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma. A recent US study from the University of Georgia, USA, aims to diagnose the disease through a blood test, while a Mayo Clinic study shows that physical activity can increase the life expectancy of lymphoma patients. In addition, doctors recommend to these people a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet, avoiding exposure to cold and psychological counseling.
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