When you go on holiday with the little one it is natural to have emotions. Sometimes, they get sick pretty quickly, not necessarily on vacation.
And at home, when your world is dearest, the little one can do a gastrointestinal infection. As a rule, these infections make their presence felt in the spring and summer, and the main symptom is diarrhea.
Diarrhea is a disease that spreads easily and causes it to appear: dirty hands, unpaved fruits and vegetables, contaminated water, direct contact with faecal matter. Last but not least, certain objects that come in contact with infectious germs may be sources of infection, such as baby toys. But doctors argue that another important cause of this disease is viral infection. A lot of viruses can cause viral gastritis that spreads easily in kindergartens, parks, schools, playgrounds. Symptoms of viral gastritis are: stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and may last for several days.
The most feared infection, rotavirus infection
The most common infection in children is that caused by rotavirus, an infection that is manifested by fever, explosive diarrhea, and aqueous diarrhea. Sometimes, the child, especially if he is young, due to dehydration is forced to stay in the hospital, where he receives antibiotic treatment and is connected to infusions. But, attention, even if the spring is the season where the infection is present, it can be prevented by vaccination.
In summer, gastrointestinal infections caused by bacteria
How to heat out, how bacterial gastrointestinal infections occur. This is the most commonly encountered in children in the early years of life, Escherichia Coli. This bacterium can be transmitted by contaminated food, contaminated water, insufficiently heat treated meat, unbleached fruit, contaminated water from swimming pools.
Another bacterium that can be found in children’s gastrointestinal infections is Salmonella, which can be found in eggs, insufficiently heat treated chicken, being a major cause of food poisoning.
Shigella, another bacterium that causes diarrhea in children. The most vulnerable to Shigella infection are children aged 2 to 4 years. The most common cause of Shigella infection is inadequate hygiene.
Here’s how gastrointestinal infections are:
- The child has aqueous diarrhea, mucus, or pus,
- Do fever,
- Has abdominal pain,
- It does not have any appetite,
What is the treatment:
Treatment of gastrointestinal infections should include: an age-appropriate diet for lactose: lactose-free milk, carrot soup, boiled rice, cow’s cheese, boiled chicken, banana, bacon. It is important to administer mineral salts to prevent dehydration. Attention, antibiotic treatment should be given after coprocultivation and antibiotics, to be a targeted treatment of the bacterium that caused the infection.