Hypothyroidism, a disease that is hard to diagnose
Hypothyroidism is a condition commonly found in women over 55 years of age, a disease in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough of certain thyroid hormones to help the body function. Fortunately, today there is treatment for this condition, a treatment that can control illness and relieve symptoms. It is the endocrinologist who establishes the diagnosis and prescribes the treatment.
Hypothyroidism is defined in medical terms as the syndrome that occurs because of the decrease in the action of thyroid hormones at the level of cellular receptors. It is a common disease, and doctors caution that for pregnant women the disease can leave serious consequences for the fetus. Also rarely when infantile hypothyroidism is not treated, it can lead to brain damage, which implies a mental retardation and a developmental one. However, with appropriate treatment, hypothyroidism is kept under control and complications are avoided.
Statistical data show that in our country there are over one million patients who have been diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Patients at risk are those who have autoimmune diseases – Addison's disease, celiac disease -, pregnant women, patients taking hyperthyroidism, or those who have been treated with pituitary gland.
Here are the main signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism:
- hair loss problems appear,
- attention deficit but also memory,
- pain or muscle cramp,
- muscle weakness,
- increased intolerance to cold,
- tense fatigue without a known apparent cause
- the skin is dry, rough,
- carpal tunnel syndrome,
- edema occurs on the skin
Unfortunately, the diagnosis is quite difficult to establish because the signs and symptoms of the disease are specific to many diseases. In addition, the disease can develop for many years until the first symptoms appear.
But the patient has to go to the doctor, prevented. To perform blood tests, hormonal dosages that can highlight the presence or absence of the disease. At the same time, the doctor will also recommend a thyroid ultrasonography to the patient, which, although it does not help in establishing the diagnosis, is extremely important because it shows the cause of hypothyroidism.
Physicians say treatment is necessary because with it will improve the symptoms. Also, in the absence of treatment, hypothyroidism may increase the cardiovascular mortality rate.