Hernia occurs when an organ comes out of its natural position through an orifice. This may occur anywhere, but doctors say that the most common hernias are: hiatal hernia, herniated disc, inguinal hernia or umbilical hernia.
The affection is called inguinal hernia because the intestine slides through a weak area in the inguinal canal in its outer opening area.
As a rule, inguinal hernia appears as a swelling on one or both sides of the abdomen. Affection usually occurs in childhood, less often in adulthood. Statistical data show that it is more common in males than in women.
Small hiatal hernia, discovered by a physician in a routine check-up, is not a problem. Only large ones can be responsible for the accumulation of food and acid in the esophagus, causing pain and burns. This pathology can be treated primarily by reducing risk factors, changing the hygiene-dietary life regime. If it is not solved by the diet, then it applies either to medical or surgical treatment.
The main risk factors are:
- Fast food, fatty foods, semi-prepared meals, and prawns.
- Obesity by the pressure exerted by the abdominal cavity on the chest cavity.
- Excessive alcohol or coffee consumption will cause hyperacidity.
Often, hiatal hernia is accompanied by gastroesophageal reflux.
Two types of hiatal hernia: indirect and direct.
Hernie indirect guinea pig, the most common type. Those are the congenital hernias. In a male fetus, the sperm cord and both testicles, starting from the abdomen, naturally descend through the inguinal canal into the scrotum, the sachet holding the testicles. There are cases where sometimes the entrance to the inguinal canal does not close properly, right after birth, and the abdominal wall has a weakness. Thus, a part of the small intestine slips through the inguinal canal, leading to a hernia. Doctors claim that babies born prematurely are at risk because they do not spend much time in the uterus and do not close their inguinal canal.
Direct inguinal hernia. This type of hernia is caused by the degeneration of the connective tissue of the abdominal muscles, and this leads to their weakening. A direct hernia develops over time due to constant pressure on the muscles.
The main symptoms of inguinal hernia:
There is a small swelling in one or both sides of the abdomen that can grow in size. Careful! Swelling disappears when the person is on the horizontal. Pain occurs when the person is doing sports. Sometimes there may also be symptoms such as: feeling of fullness in the upper abdomen after meals, the presence of vomiting and nausea.
What is the treatment:
As a rule, in adults they are treated surgically. In infants and children, less often, depending on the size of the hernia. There are two types of operations: classical, open and modern, laparoscopic.
An important role in respecting a hygienic-dietary regimen is also important. In fact, the diet should be with vegetal fibers. Also, copious, high-fat meals will be avoided. Mean times and low quantities are preferred. No carbonated drinks, coffee or alcohol will be consumed. Sport plays an important role, but one that does not require too much stress on the abdominal muscles.