Insect allergy. Summer is the season when the insects are making their head and more people fall victim to them. Bites and insect bites are very common.
Most of the time, the reactions to these pricks do not pose a threat to the individual's health. However, they can sometimes lead to allergic, local local reactions, or systemic reactions of varying severity, from urticaria to anaphylactic shock, which can endanger life.
Doctors claim that Hymenoptera venom allergies are the best known. In Romania, the dangerous hymenoptera for humans are bees and wasps. It is best to go to the allergy specialist and make some tests to find out if you are allergic or not. Practically, the most important aspect for diagnosis is to demonstrate the presence of specific IgE in venom. If the person is allergic, he or she will be treated to reduce the symptoms but also to heal them. In other words, the individual will undergo specific immunotherapy.
There are also respiratory reactions in case of allergies to certain insects, bugs, flies, etc. In this situation, it is advisable to go to a doctor to receive appropriate treatment.
The good news, the doctors say, is that some local reactions on the skin, insect bites are normal and do not require allergy testing. But there are some discomforting reactions. Specifically, these are manifested by edema, erythema and pruritus. Sometimes, symptoms specific to rhinitis or conjunctivitis may occur.
Very rare reactions are serious and threaten life. And here we are talking about confusion, dizziness, collapse, loss of vision, hypotension.
In the case of children, the majority of the reactions are cutaneous.
Children have a low frequency of severe systemic reactions and fatal reactions compared to adults. Most systemic reactions in children are only with skin manifestations.
What is the treatment:
Most times, your doctor will recommend a analgesic for pain, oral antihistamines, topical corticosteroids. Only in patients with declared allergies that are susceptible to serious reactions is recommended permanent wearing of the autoinjector with adrenaline. But you have to talk to your doctor who will teach you how to administer it. Ideally, the patient who has been found to have a specific insect allergy after testing has a warning bracelet. To obtain healing, treatment against insect venom – beeswax or bees – will consist of insect venom immunotherapy. This is done over time, under the strict supervision of an allergy specialist.