Hepatitis B is one of the most transmissible forms of hepatitis from mother to fetus across the globe. Testing is absolutely essential before any woman wants a baby and is pregnant.
Specialists claim that the risk of mother-to-child transmission varies depending on the age of hepatitis (in the case of acute infection): in the first trimester – 0% risk, in the second trimester – 10-25% , in the III quarter – 80-90%. Therefore, it is advisable, for your own protection but also to protect the baby, that a future mother will vaccinate before she becomes pregnant.
How to transmit B virus:
There is a high chance of taking the B virus sexually, basically about 25% of those who have sex with a person who has the B virus take it from it. Physicians say that although placenta is a good filter for hepatitis B virus, transmission from the mother to the baby may occur in 10-20% of cases unless prophylaxis is taken.
Statistical data show that the youngsters who take the virus in the first year of life, in 90% of cases the virus does not disappear from the body, and if the virus was taken 1-5 years, the risk of not getting rid of it is 30 %. Also, if the virus is taken after this period, the risk of remaining with the virus is only 2-6%. People who have chronic hepatitis B virus are at risk of chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Because the virus is highly contagious, the risk of the fetus developing hepatitis B is 10-20% in the case of mums with HB positive antigen and 90% if it has Ag HBe. Virus transmission takes place during delivery by exposing the fetus to the mother's blood and other body fluids present in the process of birth. Therefore, it is advisable, for your own protection but also to protect the baby, that a future mother will vaccinate before she becomes pregnant.
If a pregnant woman is positive for hepatitis B at the first prenatal visit, she will receive immunoglobulin. When the baby is born, the baby will also receive a dose of anti-hepatitis B immunoglobulin and will be vaccinated against hepatitis B at one week, one month and 6 months. This is why all newborns are vaccinated against hepatitis B at birth.
The mother-born baby with the hepatitis B virus has no birth defects caused by this virus but may have a lower birth weight if the mother took the virus during pregnancy. Specialists claim that although it was originally thought that cesarean birth decreases the risk of transmitting the hepatitis B virus, it is currently thought that birth occurs at the same risk as the cesarean delivery of hepatitis B virus. But the good news is that if the child made the immunoglobulin and the vaccine at birth, he can be breastfed without risk of transmitting hepatitis B virus.