The tingling may announce restless legs syndrome is a condition, a disorder that manifests itself through the onset of the uncontrolled tendency to move the feet.
The condition seriously interferes with daily activities, but especially disturbs sleep. Certain diseases can promote the onset of this syndrome, and diabetes is one of them.
The syndrome was first described in 1945 by the neurologist Karl-Axel Ekbom, which is why it is also called the Ekbom syndrome.
The main signs and symptoms of the disease are: tingling, burning, pain, a state of discomfort, the acute need to move the legs especially during the night. Sometimes the symptoms go away for a short time, then they come back. There are cases in which the symptoms appear in the arms and not just the legs. As a rule, the disease occurs in childhood and is accentuated in adulthood.
The causes of this condition are still unknown. However, scientists believe that the triggering of the disease would be an imbalance of dopamine, one of the main neurotransmitters in the brain. At the same time, the disease is hereditary, practically if there is such a case in a family, there are 60-70% chances of having it, and subsequently the second case of illness.
Specialists say that the vast majority of pregnant women, over 50% in fact, have this restless legs syndrome during pregnancy.
Careful! Certain diseases can promote the onset of this syndrome. Thus, patients with diabetes, those with rheumatoid arthritis, renal failure are at risk for this disorder.
Here are the symptoms of the disease:
- Discomfort in the legs and the strong need to move the feet.
- The presence of tingling, itching or a feeling of "electric current" standing.
- Symptoms occur especially when an individual is lying still, at night, in bed.
- Symptoms at night are involuntary or spasmotic. This is why sleep is quite disturbed.
- At night, cramps appear in the lower limbs.
- Symptoms can be relieved when the individual is moving.
The treatment will depend on the cause that caused it. Thus, if the patient has other conditions such as iron deficiency – anemia, or if he has diabetes and peripheral diabetic neuropathy, the treatment will be focused on the underlying disease, on its good management. But if it is not associated with any other condition, restless legs syndrome can be treated with exercise and with medication treatment.