Meningitis, Symptoms and Treatment. What are the first signs of illness?

Meningitis, Symptoms and Treatment. What are the first signs of illness?

Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Doctors caution that viral meningitis is less severe than bacterial, but you still have to go to the doctor from the first symptoms for evaluation and treatment.

Most cases of viral meningitis are caused by enteroviruses that make their head as soon as it is outside is warm and beautiful. Unfortunately, the disease can affect anyone.

Viral meningitis occurs mainly in the summer and sometimes, after ten days, the disease heals. Meningitis is usually caused by viruses or bacteria such as Neisseria meningitidis (also known as meningococci) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). However, meningitis may also be caused by other microorganisms, and in very rare cases it is caused by fungi, parasites, tuberculosis. Including Lyme disease can cause meningitis.

Viral meningitis is often caused by enteroviruses, but can also be caused by mumps virus, herpes virus and influenza virus.

Viral meningitis is taken, being extremely contagious, with the most exposed being young children under 5 years of age but also the elderly who have weakened immune systems. The disease spreads through sneezing, coughing. An individual can make the disease several times throughout his life.

Here are the main symptoms:

  • headache,
  • high fever,
  • nausea, vomiting,
  • sensitivity to light,
  • irritability,
  • sleepiness,
  • lack of appetite,
  • seizures,
  • muscle and joint pain,
  • pale skin,
  • the neck is stiff,

The initial symptoms of viral meningitis are similar to those of bacterial meningitis. However, bacterial meningitis is usually severe and can cause serious complications such as brain injuries, hearing loss or learning disabilities.

Meningitis is diagnosed only by performing specific laboratory tests and only after the doctor has seen the patient.

What is the treatment:

Often, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Most patients get healed within 7-10 days. However, when the disease is caused by herpesvirus or influenza virus, antiviral drugs are needed.

Careful! Antibiotics do not help with viral infections, so they are not useful in the treatment of viral meningitis. However, antibiotics fight against bacteria, so they are very important when treating bacterial meningitis.

It is therefore essential to go to the doctor from the first symptoms to get a definite diagnosis of the disease and consequently a proper treatment.

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