Most known addictions. How harmful and how addictions can be treated

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How can we get rid of addictions? The addiction satisfies the moment, in an unhealthy way. Consumption and dependence on alcohol, drugs as well as other behavioral dependencies, social, health and behavioral problems, as well as the concern for these phenomena constitutes a permanence in the history of mankind.

There are archaeological and anthropological evidence that humans have consumed various substances with physiological and psychological effects for thousands of years. Addictions are a simple but erroneous way of activating the neuropsychological mechanisms of pleasure and pain. Basically I meet a positive purpose, in a negative, unhealthy way.

In today's world, the variety of addictive behaviors is broader and more problematic than at any other historical moment. To understand what addictive behavior is, such as alcohol, drug, gambling, food, sex, etc., it is useful to know that addictions are "total socio-human phenomena" that affect the human being under all its structures and functions.

“Addiction or addiction, as it is more commonly known in common language, is a psychological and physical inability to stop the use of chemicals, drugs or activities, even if it causes mental and physical harm. Thus, addictions are complex problems, often chronic in nature, which affect both brain and body functioning. They also cause serious family and social harm to the dependent person. The most common symptoms of addiction are severe loss of control, continued use despite serious consequences, worry about use, lack of concentration and attention, failed attempts to give up, tolerance and withdrawal, ”explains hypnotherapist Eugen Popa, president of the Romanian Hypnosis Association.

What are the types of addictions currently known

The specialist states that there are substance and behavioral dependencies. Thus, alcohol, nicotine, drugs, sugar and drugs are the main addictive substances. On the other hand, at the behavioral level, a series of addictions are distinguished, such as: addictions in the context of eating behavior (anorexia, bulimia), gambling addiction, affective-sexual addictions (sex or love), workaholism, dependence on power and control over others, including through violence and aggression, addictions to virtual reality, computer and internet (social networks, online games, pornography), addiction to religion and mysticism, to practices spiritualities and rituals, addiction to sports, exercises, associated with doping, etc.

How can addictions be treated?

In the opinion of the hypnotherapist Eugen Popa, the first step towards recovery is the recognition that addiction has become a problem in the life of the person who disturbs the quality of his life. Once the individual recognizes the negative impact of an addiction on his or her life, he or she can start looking for the most effective treatment for him / her.

“This first step is the acceptance and recognition by the dependent person that the addictive substance or behavior has come to dominate itself, and therefore surrenders itself to the addiction. It is often very difficult for the individual to recognize not only others but especially themselves. But it is an essential first step, because in the absence of awareness and firm determination of the person to heal, the chances of recovery are zero. Almost no individual who begins treatment or therapy is subjected to the insistence of the family, close friends or forced by a social system, will not complete the process or resume their vice "when the storm passes," explains Eugen Popa.

Moreover, the specialist states that treatment options for addiction depend on several factors, including the type of addiction disorder, the length and severity of the use and its effects on the individual.

Addiction treatment methods

detoxification

“Detoxification is probably the best known form of treatment for people addicted to substances with rich and powerful effects. Detoxification involves cleaning a substance in the body and limiting withdrawal reactions. In 80% of cases, the process is done in a treatment clinic that will use drugs to reduce withdrawal symptoms. If a person is addicted to many substances, he will often need different medications to reduce withdrawal symptoms for each. Detoxification will, in most cases, be accompanied by other forms of therapy to help the individual psychically overcome addiction, to learn to live without addictive behavior and to reintegrate into family and society, ”says hypnotherapist Eugen Popa.

Cognitive – behavioral therapy

“Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the classic, conversational therapy, which aims to understand and then modify the behaviors and experiences that led to the installation of addiction, negative thinking, attitude and behavior that blocks recovery. Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy is a generally long-term process, which varies depending on the nature of the addiction but also on the individual's motivation to heal. The risk presented by any long-term therapy is represented by the possible discouragement and increased effort by the addict to keep away the substance or destructive behavior, ”explains the specialist.

Group therapy

“One method of therapy that has become increasingly popular is group therapy, even though its results have often been called into question. In group therapy you meet people who have experienced and experienced the same things as you. The participants talk about this, they help each other in their daily lives and they can spend their free time together. There are no constraints – the members voluntarily meet, having the same strong motivation to change their lives, ”says Eugen Popa.

IEMT (Integrative Eye Movement Therapy)

“We will soon bring to Romania, for the first time at the Romanian Hypnosis Association, the IEMT technique that will be taught by Andrew T. Austin, the creator of the technique. The therapy consists of the fact that any experience we have is "mentally coded" and, in order to access it, we must "look at it". The therapy is used for eye movement that allows access to information. Together with simple eye movements, IEMT also uses interrogation techniques to change harmful patterns of thinking and beliefs, producing fantastic results for any type of addiction, ”concludes hypnotherapist Eugen Popa, president of the Romanian Hypnosis Association.

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