Onychomycosis or nail fungus is a fungal infection that occurs when fungi invade the nails from the hands or feet, but also the skin under the nail.
The specialists warn that in addition to the discomfort created on the aesthetic level, the infection also affects the structure of the nail, the treatment being compulsory. Food also plays an important role, with sugar giving up being indicated.
Statistical data claim that 30% of the world's population had a nail fungus shape, at least once in their lifetime. Men are more prone to onychomycosis than women. At the same time, the nails of the lower limbs are more often affected by onychomycosis than those of the upper limbs. One of the explanations is that they are kept covered at all times and sometimes in a humid environment.
The infection begins to develop at the nail and nail bed level. It appears after direct contact with a fungus and is most often favored by heat and moisture. The toenail fungus is found in people with ingrown toenails or those who have certain injuries as a result of exaggerated nail cutting.
Here are the main risk factors:
• Tight, uncomfortable shoes,
• Shared showers, pools. Use them without footwear to protect the foot,
• Nail trauma,
• Old age,
• Some problems with movement of the feet due to existing diseases – diabetes,
• Genetic predisposition,
• Use personal items: shoes, socks, nails or nails for cutting nails, in common with other people, in beauty salons or at home. Manicure or pedicure made with utensils that have not been properly sterilized.
• A weakened immune system.
The main symptoms are:
• Peeling the nail,
• The nail becomes brittle,
• You notice an unpleasant odor of the foot,
• The nails become soft, break pretty easily,
• The presence of yellow stains under the most superficial layer of the nail that is possible to detach.
The fungus is transmitted by direct contact
Nail fungus can be transmitted by direct contact with the source of infection. It can also be transmitted through the skin particles from towels, shoes or from the pool, the onychomycosis being contagious.
What is the treatment:
The treatment lasts several months and will only be prescribed by the specialist dermatologist.
Drug treatment, is made up of antifungals with the role of fungus elimination. But hygiene is the most important, say the specialists. Cotton socks are recommended, and these will change daily. At the same time, in the treatment, an essential role is played by observing a diet that contributes to the overpopulation with mushrooms. Thus, it is recommended to completely eliminate the sugar because it feeds on the fungus. You can also eat yogurt, which is rich in prebiotics. Make sure you have a diet rich in iron that can prevent nail fragility. Last but not least, the diet is rich in foods that contain calcium and vitamin D. Vitamin D helps regulate keratin production, prevents exfoliation of nails and strengthens them.
Garlic, a helpful remedy
Garlic has antifungal and antimicrobial properties and can therefore help to remove fungi. So you can grind two cloves of garlic to apply later on the affected area for 30 minutes. Or you can take garlic capsules from powder.