Diseases that delay or, unfortunately, prevent the fertility of a couple, not just the reproductive apparatus. There are cases when certain illnesses, undetected and untreated in time, can greatly influence the fertility of a couple.
To find out what are the diseases that prevent getting pregnant, I talked to Andreas Vythoulkas, obstetrician-gynecology specialist, specializing in infertility.
Although there are many cases of infertility where stress or age are among the main factors that prevent the occurrence of a pregnancy, there are a number of conditions. These are usually silent or with common symptoms with other diseases outside the genital area, which affect fertility, the doctor told us.
Pelvic inflammatory disease leads to infertility
One of them is pelvic inflammatory disease. It is a condition that is manifested by pelvic pain, sometimes through fever, urinary tract disorder. But also through bloating or transit disorders. The condition is caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) – chlamydia, gonococcal, mycoplasma, or certain uterine surgery.
When not in time, sexually transmitted diseases are spreading and can lead to inflammation or even obstruction of the fallopian tubes. That means getting pregnant is prevented. All sexually transmitted diseases are also responsible for cervical or endocervical infections. These sexually transmitted diseases can also affect men. Undetected and without the right treatment can evolve to azoosmermia or the absence of semen sperm, the doctor said.
Hypothyroidism, another cause of infertility
Hypothyroidism is a thyroid disorder that is another cause of female infertility. This, through the thyroid hormone deficiency, affects women's ovulation and makes the process of conception difficult.
Endometriosis affects the tubes, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and in rare cases extends to other organs (liver, bladder, intestine, etc.). It can be recognized by the strong pains manifested in the early days of menstruation, irregular menstrual bleeding, acute lumbar pain, but also during sexual intercourse.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is an endocrine disorder present in young women and is one of the common causes of female infertility. Symptoms of this condition are not difficult to detect – lack of menstruation for several months, extra pounds, excessive hairiness. This endocrine disorder causes lack of ovulation and, implicitly, leads to the diagnosis of infertility.
The early menopause, the enemy of the dream to become a mother
Early menopause or premature ovarian failure is the end of menstruation before the age of 40 years. The appearance of irregular menstrual periods, hot flashes, urinary incontinence, dryness of the skin, sudden changes in mood, decreased libido are symptoms of this disorder. All this affects more than 5% of the female population of the reproductive age world. Diagnosis is only a result of thorough hormonal analyzes. Specifically, FSH or the ovarian stimulation hormone, prolactin, estradiol, AMH or anti-mullerian hormone, the specialist said.
And obesity is a cause of infertility and leads to the appearance of hormonal imbalances. But also chronic diseases and menstrual cycle disorders, directly affecting ovulation. Obesity is also a factor of infertility for men. This particularly affects the quality and quantity of sperm.