Have you been struggling with persistent headaches lately that don't give up? Did you lose weight for no real reason? With your eyes you have no problem? Then go to the doctor for thorough investigations.
Sometimes, severe headache that does not pass and persist for weeks can hide serious illnesses, such as glioblastoma.
Doctors say that glioblastoma is the most aggressive and unfortunately, the most common form of malignancy in the brain. The tumor usually occurs in adults, but sometimes it is present in children.
Statistical data provided by specialists from the National Cancer Institute say that glioblastoma accounts for 55% of all types of brain cancer.
Specifically, glioblastoma is a malignant brain tumor that develops from glial cells and the cause of the disease is still unknown. Unfortunately, this type of cancer being extremely aggressive, the tumor grows very quickly and in only a few months it reaches the final stage. Therefore, the prognosis of this disease is also reserved, the life expectancy being of at most one year, one year and several months.
Glioblastoma is of two types: primary and secondary. The secondary one has a slower evolution and is rarely encountered.
The first symptom: headache
Most often, the first symptom is headache, a pain that occurs due to increased intracranial pressure. In advanced stages, with large tumors and intracranial hypertension, psychiatric disorders occur or, in the final stages, drowsiness and coma. Also due to increased intracranial pressure, papillary edema may occur with decreased vision. The diagnosis is established through an ophthalmological consultation (eye fund examination). Also, seizures can be another symptom of the disease.
The diagnosis is made with the help of magnetic resonance imaging – MRI or CT – CT scan with contrast substance. There are no blood tests (blood markers) for glioblastoma.
How to treat glioblastoma:
The treatment consists of the operation. Basically, it will try to remove as much of the tumor as possible. Often, neurological deficits such as speech disorders or hemiparesis occur. But these are initially due to cerebral edema and are reversible. Subsequently, the patient will undergo radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Being an extremely fast type of cancer, it is recommended that the surgery be performed immediately after the diagnosis is found.