Posture defects can be analyzed in two main categories: posture defects or acquired posture defects.
Among the medical posture defects can be listed neuromuscular diseases, scoliosis (spine curvatures), lower limbs with different lengths, deformations of the extremities (morphological defects) and among the acquired posture defects can be listed the defects resulting from a trauma or an accident , and especially the posture defects that occur in people who spend a lot of time at office in the wrong position.
"Defects of medical posture can be classified into two categories: congenital (from birth) and later acquired. Congenital postural defects occur at birth and develop as aging progresses, but there are cases where posture defects occur during development even though the child was normal at birth. One of the most significant examples of these defects is the carriage of a heavy-duty backpack or the wrong cart at the age of childhood, "explains Professor Sami Sokucu, an orthopedic doctor at the Florya Medical Park in Istanbul.
What are posture defects that most affect office workers and what do we need to do to prevent them?
People who work a lot in office have posture defects, headaches, back and middle pain due to a bad sitting position. "For people who work long in the office, it is important that they sit in a correct position: this position is the one at which an angle of 90 degrees is formed between the back, legs and knees. In this position the neck will never be bent forward or backward and the height and breadth of the table will be suitable for the person working on it. When working at a computer in the office, it is recommended that the computer screen is at the eye level, and if it is possible to put a box under the feet, which will prevent the occurrence of pain in the sitting position and thus the posture defects ", declares the orthopedic doctor Sami Sokucu.
What exercises do you recommend for posture defects?
Generally, exercises performed regularly and correctly or with good effects on posture defects and requiring no medical treatment are those recommended by any orthopedic doctor. It is believed that correct exercises for posture defects will have a good effect on them.
"For example, when Pilates exercises are done correctly with an instructor, they have good effects in preventing and correcting acquired posture defects. In particular Pilates exercises for the back and middle muscles have a good effect in ensuring a correct posture, "explains the Turkish doctor.
What are standing, standing and sitting positions?
State standing position ideal
The head is in a perpendicular position without bending forward or backward, the ears are at the shoulders, the shoulders are in the perpendicular position, the back and the neck are not bent, the arms are near the body, the distance between the legs is equal to the width of the shoulders.
Ideal seat position
The shoulders are in a perpendicular position, the angle formed between the back, legs and knees is 90 degrees, the neck is never bent forward or backward and to reduce the curvature of the middle it is good to put a box under the feet.
Ideal lying position
The ideal lying position is to sit sideways with your knees (fetal position) in a bed that supports the back and the middle. Lying on the chest or back can result in muscle pain.
What kind of illnesses are caused by posture defects?
"A joint defect that takes over body weight can alter the biomechanics of other joints, which can cause injuries to other joints. Often, posture defects can cause spinal and thigh joints, knee and ankle joints (calcium deposits, cartilage disorders, etc.), "concludes Sami Sokucu, an orthopedist at the Florya Park Medical Hospital in Istanbul.
Sami Sokucu is Associate Professor and PhD in Orthopedics and Traumatology at the VM Medical Park Florya Hospital in Istanbul. He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the "Cerrahpaşa" University in Istanbul in 2003 and specialized in orthopedics and traumatology at the TCC in 2004-2010. Ministry of Health, Taksim Education and Research Hospital. He is a member of the European Board of Orthopedics and Traumatology and of the Association of Arthroplasty for Hip and Knee since 2014, member of the Turkish Orthopedic and Traumatology Council in 2010 and of the Turkish Orthopedic and Traumatology Association since 2005. He published 46 scientific articles in journals quoted internationally in the field of expertise.