risk factors and symptoms

risk factors and symptoms

Kidney stones occur at any age, although it seems that adults are more likely to do this medical condition. These are, in fact, hard deposits of minerals and salts that form in the kidneys.

A lot of causes can lead to their formation over time. It is important to note that kidney stones affect the urinary tract from the kidney to the bladder.

That is why doctors say it is very important to diagnose them and start treatment. Sometimes the patient gets an operation either for their destruction or for their removal. But there are also some treatment regimens that can prevent kidney stones from forming.

Here are the main symptoms:

Unfortunately, many times, they are asymptomatic. The first symptoms only appear when they move, or in other words, they move inside the kidneys. Later, when the situation worsens, severe pain occurs. This is called renal colic. As the stones move, renal colic triggers. For men, the pain radiates to the groin area.

The main symptoms are:

  • The presence of acute pain, strong backwards under the ribs, pain radiating to the lower abdomen.
  • The pain is most periodic and has a cyclical frequency.
  • Pain in urination.
  • Blood appears in the urine. And the urine has the reddish color and a pretty nasty smell.
  • Feeling nausea and vomiting.
  • The patient has frequencies.
  • Fever and chills.

What are the causes:

Kidney stones have no single cause, for example, there are a number of factors that increase the risk. Most of the time, kidney stones are formed when the urine contains many crystalline substances, such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid.

What are the risk factors:

  • Family history. If one of the parents has kidney stones, the baby will have an increased risk. Or if a person has a kidney stone, it is possible in the future to have others.
  • If you do not consume enough water, increase the risk of kidney stones.
  • Some diets. Consuming foods rich in protein, sodium (salt) and sugar may increase the risk of some types of kidney stones. This is especially true with a diet rich in sodium. Specifically, if you eat foods that contain plenty of salt, they will increase the amount of calcium the kidneys have to filter and increase the risk of kidney stones.
  • There are studies that show that obesity is directly associated with the appearance of kidney stones.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhea can cause changes in the digestive process that affect calcium and water absorption. In other words, it increases the risk of kidney stones.

What is the treatment:

There are currently plenty of treatments for kidney stones. But the treatment is only established by the physician after the investigations and diagnosis. Consider the size and location of the stone. Specifically, when the stone is small, there will be a change in the diet. But if the pain has already occurred, the patient will take painkillers. Ultimately, the patient can get to surgery. With her help, larger kidney stones will be removed. At the same time, it is possible for the patient to have a lifestyle change and a regimen.

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