Simple analysis that can save men's lives. According to the statistical data of the National Health Insurance House, the most common urological conditions are: prostate cancer, prostate adenoma and urinary tract lithiasis.
"We find that the main urological problems of Romanian men are prostate cancer," says Dr. Roberto Lazăr, urologist.
Prostate cancer should be of the greatest concern. In the early stage, it does not cause symptoms.
„Sometimes, the symptomatology is the one found in benign conditions – benign prostatic hyperplasia. These symptoms include: polachiuria (frequent urination), nocturnal polachiuria (frequent night urination), dysuria (difficulty urination), poorly designed urinary jet, without force, hematuria (blood urination – more common in cancer patients) ", come the explanations of the urologist.
Problems with ejaculation, common in cancers
Prostate cancer can cause problems in function and performance in the bedroom such as painful ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, decreased libido. With the progression of the disease, fatigue, lack of appetite, pelvic / abdominal pain, weight loss etc. can occur.
"Prostate cancer can spread to other parts of the body causing additional symptoms (bone pain, bone fractures including spine, cough, hemoptysis – sputum with blood, jaundice, hepatomegaly tumor – enlargement of the liver through metastasis to the level liver etc) ”, details the doctor Roberto Lazăr.
Simple analysis that can save men's lives
In addition to the symptoms, certain tests can help to detect the times of this type of cancer. These are PSA detection in the blood (prostate specific antigen) and biopsy.
“The detection of PSA is performed routinely in laboratories and hospitals in Romania. Occasional detection of increased PSA values should be followed by a visit to the urologist. Any man who has passed 50 years of age must do this blood test every year, ”recommends the specialist. The interpretation of the analyzes should be done by the urologist, because the prostate specific antigen (PSA) is increased in prostate infections, inflammation, etc.
The next step if the PSA values are above those admitted, and when the physical examination shows specific tumor changes in the prostate or if there are prostatic imaging abnormalities (ultrasound, tomographic, etc.), it is mandatory to perform the prostatic puncture.
This investigation is done under local anesthesia. "Without a positive biopsy we cannot say that a patient has prostate cancer even if the symptoms are suggestive, even if the PSA values are high and even if the physical examination is highly suggestive," concludes the urology expert.