Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, currently the most common cause of dementia. Statistical data shows that globally about 80% of all dementias diagnosed globally are Alzheimer's dementias. Although the disease does not yet have curative treatment, certain risk factors could be prevented. One of them is smoking.
Alzheimer's disease is a disease in which brain cell death occurs and has a strong cognitive decline. Cell death occurs in years, it does not occur abruptly, so the illness evolves long until the first symptoms appear. Practically, Alzheimer's is a neurodegenerative disease that is asymptomatic at onset, and the symptoms are if the family does not perceive them so lightly they are. Unfortunately, after that, the patient will need permanent care.
As a rule, affection occurs after 65 years, but there are cases where it occurs at the age of 40. But the cases in which the disease occurs in the youth are extremely rare on the globe.
Here are the first symptoms of the disease:
The first signs are manifestations that dream of memory. Doctors say that at first the memories disappear in the short term. The long-term ones remain. Then speech is affected. Follow the behavior. And he is severely affected by the disease. The usual tasks begin to be done with great difficulty, anxiety, depression. The last phase of Alzheimer's disease is quite heavy for both the family and the sick, and it needs permanent care.
Alzheimer's disease, a progressive disease
Alzheimer's disease begins and evolves progressively. In the literature there are three stages of the disease: the initial stage, the middle stage and the evolutionary stage. The first stage of the disease is ignored by the patient and the family. They believe that age is the main culprit, although reality is different. The next stage of evolution, the average one lasts for years, is manifested by: the patient's inability to perform simple tasks, memory issues appear. The last stage is serious. It is characterized by a total inactivity of the patient. Unfortunately, it's the time he can not go, eat alone.
Causes are not known exactly!
Currently, it is not known exactly what causes Alzheimer's disease. Scientists believe that Alzheimer's disease is caused by a combination of genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors. Everybody affects the brain.
Here are the risk factors for the disease:
There is currently no cure to cure the disease. There is no vaccine. But there is a drug treatment that has the role of alleviating symptoms and slowing the progression of the disease.