Stress can increase the level of prolactin in the blood

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Yes, you read correctly! Stress may be one of the factors that promote prolactin levels in the blood. Which means too low or too high a level of this hormone in your blood, you can find out from the material I prepared for you.

Prolactin is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland whose main role is to help initiate and maintain the production of breast milk in pregnant and lactating women.

One of the main roles of this hormone is to maintain reproductive health in both men and women. High levels of prolactin can also signal infertility.

Specialists say that prolactin levels are high during pregnancy and immediately after a woman is born. At the same time, during the 9 months of pregnancy, prolactin together with estrogen and progesterone stimulate the development of breast milk. After birth, prolactin helps maintain the supply of breast milk. There are also cases where the prolactin level is high and in the absence of pregnancy.

The low level of prolactin in the blood may mean:

Prolactin deficiency, doctors say, is rarely encountered. Usually, it occurs when the pituitary gland does not function at normal parameters, the condition being known as hypopituitarism.

Basically, low prolactin levels do not necessarily indicate a medical problem. However, if the prolactin level is below the normal limit – hypopituitarism – it means that the pituitary gland does not function at normal parameters. For example, the administration of certain drugs may lower this hormone.

The high level of prolactin detected in the blood may mask the following medical problems:

It is natural that the level of prolactin in pregnancy be elevated. However, when it is over the high limit, ie high, the person concerned may have hyperprolactinemia, ie a medical problem. Specifically, hyperprolactinemia means increased prolactin levels in the blood and occurs in women of childbearing age but may occur at any age if there is a pituitary tumor that secretes prolactin. This situation can be encountered in men, not only women. Global statistics show that 10% of the population has this medical problem. The condition manifests itself in women through the presence of amenorrhea, a nipple secretion, infertility, hypothyroidism but also problems related to kidney health appear. However, pituitary tumors can be treated surgically or medically, as the case may be.

At the same time, certain drugs may increase the level of prolactin. And stress can lead to increased prolactin levels.

There are cases where high prolactin levels can lead to infertility. Most of the time, increased prolactin is detected after blood tests during a woman's investigation who wants to have children and fails. An increase in the level of prolactin in the blood can be an effect of thyroid hormone disorders or pituitary (pituitary being the gland that secretes prolactin) and causes the inhibition of the secretion of two hormones required for ovulation, responsible for the development and maturation of the egg. Increased prolactin blocks ovulation and causes infertility.

Prolactin test: when and why

Normal prolactin levels in women range from 127-637 mUI / mL.

Usually, the doctor may recommend this test when a woman has irregular menstruation or cannot become naturally pregnant, being suspected of infertility.

The test is also indicated for patients with prolactinoma when the response to treatment is desired. However, the test may exclude or confirm other problems of the pituitary or hypothalamus.

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