Stroke is the leading cause of death or disability. Although some stroke risk factors can not be controlled, there are also factors that can be controlled and keep the disease at a distance.
The problem is that many of us, though we know them, are doing nothing to change our lifestyle and to some extent prevent AVC.
Stroke means blockage or breakage of cerebral arteries, a process that causes nerve cell death in the area.
Here are the risk factors that can be controlled:
Hypertension – HTA – is the number one hazard when talking about the possibility of stroke. Therefore, it is very important for the patient diagnosed with hypertension to receive diagnosis, treatment, and to control the disease . is the most important risk factor for stroke. Doctors say that HTA can be controlled with drugs and lifestyle changes. It is also important to control blood pressure, which is done regularly, at home. Constantly higher values of 140/90 mean the existence of a health problem.
Diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is a condition that is closely linked to the development of cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, patients diagnosed with this disease have a double risk of stroke. The vast majority of those who find that they have type 2 diabetes have already had cardiovascular problems when diagnosed.
Hypercholesterolaemia or increased cholesterol in the blood is another risk factor for stroke. Basically, when fat deposits occur in the walls of blood vessels, they will narrow and block, otherwise, a stroke will occur.
Obesity is also a significant risk factor for heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
Inactivity. Lack of sport, physical exercise increases the risk of heart disease. Sport stimulates glucose uptake in cells and lowers blood cholesterol levels, which reduces the risk of stroke.
Smoking. Studies show that smoking practically doubles the risk of stroke.
Excessive drinking. If consumed moderately, alcohol has a positive effect on the heart, at least red wine, but if it is regularly consumed and excess alcohol increases blood pressure and implicitly favors the stroke.
Transient ischemic attack. Specialty studies claim that the risk of stroke is higher in people who have had a transient ischemic attack.
Atrial fibrillation but also other heart diseases. Atrial fibrillation is a major cause of stroke. Therefore, it is essential for the patient to take the treatment necessary to prevent stroke.
Estrogens. Administration of contraceptive pills that have many estrogens means an increased risk for stroke.
Unfortunately, there are also risk factors that you may not want to control. For example, older age. Even if it can occur at any age, AVC usually occurs in people over the age of 65. Sex is another risk factor that we can not change. Statistical data shows that men have a risk twice as high as women in stroke, but when it comes to death, it is more common in women. Heredity. People who have CRTs in the family have a higher risk of doing so.