Muscle distortion or disease in which the body no longer wants to listen to is a rare condition. Although it is very little known, the disease is serious, seriously affecting the patient's quality of life. Unfortunately, today there is still no cure for healing.
The disorder is manifested by involuntary movements of the body. More specifically, the affected person's muscles contract involuntarily, and thus repeated abnormal movements occur. Basically, the body stops listening. As a rule, the disease only reaches one part of the body. But there are cases where the whole body is affected.
Unfortunately, today, dystonia has no cure. This is an incurable disease, and the treatment available today can only minimize the symptoms.
The number of body parts affected by dystonia is classified as:
- focal dystonia – only one part of the body is affected,
- segmental dystonia – two or more parts are affected,
- general dystonia – the whole body is affected.
Specialists also claim that after dystonia is also divided into:
- cervical dystonia – occurs in the neck,
- eyelid dystonia,
- oromandibular dystonia – tongue and / or jaw are affected,
- spasmodic dystonia – vocal cords and vocal cords are affected,
- hand dystonia – it affects writing, for example, or an activity you do by hand.
Based on the age at which the disease begins, there are:
- Early onset dystonia – that is, the disease has a onset around the age of 20-30 years or less. It appears at one leg, at the arm, and then progresses and involves other limbs and the trunk. Dyspnoea that occurs early in childhood usually has a genetic background and extends over time, encompassing in a few years the whole body.
- Early onset dystonia – the onset begins with the neck, including the larynx, reaching the arms. Dystonia that occurs late, usually in adults, even in the elderly, is much more localized and without a trend of evolution.
Muscle contraction, the first sign of the disease
In particular, these contractions occur in a certain area, then worsen, are repetitive, are accentuated with time. The sick person can not go, turn his head, sometimes not even talk, or can eat extremely hard food. In other words, the body stops listening.
Diagnosis is difficult to diagnose and the patient has to get to the neurologist.
Unfortunately, there is no curative treatment of the disease, but there are a number of ways to lessen the symptoms of the disease. Help is kinetotherapy, medical gymnastics. There are also different drug treatments. There is also botulinum toxin injectable treatment. These injections are well tolerated and have no side effects. In serious cases there is also surgical treatment or deep brain stimulation.