The first signs of breast cancer. What you need to pay attention to, depending on your age

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The first signs of breast cancer. What you need to pay attention to, depending on your age

The first signs of breast cancer. Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in Romania. At national level, the number of women diagnosed with this disease is higher than the European average. Moreover, 75% of the diagnosed romanians undergo mastectomy surgery, single or bilateral, due to the late detection of the disease.

It is particularly important to know the signs and symptoms that guide women and determine them to submit to a specialized exam as quickly as possible, in a timely manner, before the disease spreads, thus increasing the chances of healing.

The first signs of breast cancer:

  • a hard knot, irregularly shaped, painful or not. The main reason (70% of cases) for which a medical examination of the breast is required is the discovery, frequently accidental, by the patient of a breast node. At the time of presentation to the doctor, these nodules generally have dimensions of over 2 cm.
  • breast pain, although a rare symptom at onset (only 8% of cases), is the second reason for presentation at the consultation (20% of cases).
  • skin changes: the skin above the nodule is reddish, thickened, with enlarged pores (appearance of "orange peel"), adherent to the node. Appearance on the skin of the breast of a deepening, which cuts the surrounding skin or an ulcer.
  • unusual increase in volume of a breast.
  • breast contour changes.
  • the occurrence of leaks in the nipple (often associated with local bleeding).
  • nipples pointing in asymmetrical directions or one of them retracted.
  • the appearance of eczema in the mammary areolas.
  • palpation in the armpit of knots with increased volume, hard, sometimes painful.
  • In a few cases, breast cancers are completely asymptomatic.

TEST EXAMINATION CALENDAR

Between 20 and 39 years old

  • Breast self-examination – once a month
  • Clinical examination – every 3 years

Between 40 and 50 years

  • Breast self-examination – once a month
  • Clinical examination – once a year
  • Mammography – every 2 years

After 50 years

  • Breast self-examination – once a month
  • Clinical examination – once a year
  • Mammography – once a year

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