Urinary tract infections are common and have many causes. However, dysuria is the most common urinary tract infection. With cystitis-like symptoms, dysuria has a high incidence in young women.
At the same time, the specialists argue that dysuria is a symptom of cystitis, a condition often found in women between the ages of 20 and 50. Statistical data show that over 30% of women have dysuria annually. And men may have this problem, in case the cause is either the enlarged prostate or the existence of an infection.
Doctors argue that if pain is localized within the body, dysuria is caused by either a cystitis or a urethritis. But when the woman feels pain only in urination, it is very likely that the main cause is a vaginal infection.
What are the causes of dysuria:
- urinary tract infections, cystitis, urethritis,
- certain sexually transmitted diseases,
- genital herpes
- kidney stones,
The main symptoms of dysuria:
- the feeling of frequent urination,
- pain in urination,
- hematuria – the presence of blood in the urine,
- pain located in the lower abdomen, near the bladder,
- urine is cloudy if the cause is cystic,
- pain in the upper abdomen, nausea and vomiting, frequent urination if the cause of dysuria is pyelonephritis,
- the sensation of pain and the presence of a vaginal discharge or a specific odor if the cause is vaginitis
The diagnosis is made by the nephrologist. It will conduct certain investigations and analyzes. For example, he will ask for uroculture if he assumes that it is a urinary tract infection. But in the case of patients who have abnormal secretions, he will do other tests that he will send to the laboratory. When the laboratory tests do not show any infection, a radiological examination of the kidneys will be performed, an ultrasound scan will be performed, or even a CT or MRI.
Dysuria heals quickly!
Depending on the cause that caused the dysuria, the doctor will prescribe the treatment. It may be made up of either antibiotic, infections or analgesics to relieve symptoms. Specifically, dysuria caused by cystitis and pyelonephritis will be treated with antibiotics. And in the case of urethritis, antibiotics will be prescribed.
The good news is that dysuria heals fairly quickly, but it is very important to prevent it. Specifically, to prevent dysuria caused by cystitis or pyelonephritis it is advisable to drink as much water as possible. Also, intimate hygiene in women is extremely important. And in order to prevent dysuria caused by sexually transmitted diseases, condoms should be used between partners, especially if the partner is not constant.