Cancer that heals is found in early stages, so it is very important to be aware of the signals that the body transmits.
Ovarian cancer is ranked 18th in the world as a frequency and kills 150,000 women every year. Unfortunately, this cancer is found late, generally due to well-defined symptoms.
"The ovaries are pairs of organs located in the lower part of the abdomen. They produce female oocytes and hormones: estrogen and progesterone. Cancer occurs when certain cells undergo a transformation and begin to multiply uncontrollably, trying to avoid apoptosis (cell death). It produces tumor masses that can affect one, both of the ovaries, or they can spread to the structures around them.
Although it is curable in the early stages, ovarian cancer remains the most lethal locus of all gynecological tumors. The progress made in surgery and chemotherapy in the last decades, however, translates into an improvement in survival, "says Mirela Dragan, a medical physician at the Onco Card Hospital in Brasov.
"In the early stages, there are, unfortunately, no specific symptoms. Symptoms that may occur are abdominal pain and unsystematic gastrointestinal disorders. In advanced stages, symptoms arise due to ovarian cancer complications: bloating, early satiety, abdominal swelling due to fluid accumulation (ascites), frequent urination due to tumor compression, constipation, respiratory disorders due to fluid build-up at pleurisy level (pleurisy). Very rarely, abnormal vaginal bleeding occurs ", describes the picture of the oncologist affection.
Causes of ovarian cancer can not be definitely indicated. Among the risk factors, specialists mention certain genetic mutations, increased animal fat consumption, obesity, alcohol consumption, smoking, exposure to talc, and radiation. In addition, they have a say in the appearance of ovarian cancer viruses that give mumps, rubella, flu, as well as infertility, hormone replacement therapy, early menstruation, late menopause, ovarian cysts and endometriosis.
Experts estimate that by 2035 globally, the number of patients diagnosed with ovarian cancer will increase by over 50 percent and that of deaths by more than 70 percent *. In this context, the annual gynecological consultation and the effectiveness of the recommended specialist examinations become mandatory to increase the chances of serious disease in early stages.