Celiac disease is a serious autoimmune disorder. It also has a genetic component and it is estimated that there are far more patients than those who come to a diagnosis. Doctors say that the gluten-free diet is the only treatment for this disease.
In the absence of treatment, the condition will have serious consequences on the quality of life of the patient. Specifically, doctors say, celiac disease can lead to type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, anemia. But it can also lead to problems such as: osteoporosis, infertility, increased risk of miscarriage, migraines, including increased risk of bowel cancer. The only treatment for the disease is the gluten-free diet.
Celiac disease, a multifactorial disease
Specifically, gluten intolerance or celiac disease is a chronic disease of the small intestine, a multifactorial disease that appears as an abnormal immune response of the body to gluten.
Gluten is a protein of vegetable origin found in the flour of the grasses: wheat, rye, barley, oats, but also in beer, soy sauce, cheese with mold but also in bakery products.
Currently, it is estimated that 1 in 100 people worldwide have this condition. There are studies that claim that a person who has a first-degree relative with celiac disease in the family has a 10-fold increased risk of getting the disease.
The condition can occur at any age, not necessarily in childhood. However, as a rule, it occurs in young children, between 10 months and 2 years, when the flour is introduced into the feeding of children, and in adults, around the age of 30-40 years.
Currently, the only treatment for this condition is the adoption of a gluten-free diet throughout life.
There are over 200 symptoms of the disease
The disease is very difficult to diagnose because each individual may have different symptoms. There are over 200 symptoms of this condition that can manifest in the digestive tract. Also, there are people who have the disease but are asymptomatic.
The most common symptoms in children are: bloating and abdominal pain, frequent diarrhea, constipation, weight loss, fatigue, behavioral problems, attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
The most common symptoms in adults are: anemia, fatigue, bone pain, joint, arthritis, osteoporosis, fatty liver, anxiety and depression, tingling in the hands or numbness of the legs, migraines, infertility.
What is a gluten-free diet:
- Wheat, rye, barley, oats are removed from the diet. They can be replaced with corn, rice, or chickpeas.
- The pastry products will be totally excluded from the diet. As well as biscuits, preserves, fruit yogurts. But also sauces, sausages, sweets from the trade. At the same time, the patient is not allowed no noodles, pasta, or pancakes, candies.
Remember! It is possible that the patient is directed to a supplementation of vitamins, proteins and minerals after eliminating gluten from the diet. Careful! All these changes are made only at the doctor's recommendation.