Diagnosis of lung cancer is difficult, experts say. Because his symptoms can be confused with those of a persistent cold or cough caused by smoking. In most cases, the condition is diagnosed when metastasis is already recorded.
Doctors recommend you to see your doctor immediately if you have the following symptoms repeatedly:
sputum with blood;
dyspnoea (difficulty in breathing);
chest pain – occurring in 1/4 of the sick. Pain is often chronic, deaf and diffuse localized, due to tumor-invasive damage to the structures around the lungs;
repeated pneumonitis or bronchitis;
lack of appetite and weight loss;
sweating of the face and neck.
A death every 30 seconds
"Lung cancer is the most common neoplasm among men and the fourth is the frequency in women. In Romania, according to the 2008 Globocan study, there is an incidence of 30 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, "says doctor Iustina Fusu, vice-president of the Romanian Cancer League. "Lung cancer mortality is not yet outweighed by any other malignancy. Every 30 seconds, somewhere in the world, a person dies from lung cancer, "warns pneumologist Dorin Vancea.
The main cause of lung cancer is represented by over 90% of patients smoking. Statistics show that among male smokers, the risk of lung cancer is 17%, while female smokers are 12%. Individuals who smoke more than a pack of cigarettes a day have a risk of developing lung cancer up to 25 times higher than a non-smoker. "It's an obvious phenomenon: a clean lung turns into a black, loaded lung. And after a long smoking period, let's say 20 years, basically breathing is harder. In addition, harmful substances that accumulate in the lungs lead to lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart disease, "warns Professor Semih Halezeroglu's smokers.
That's why specialists draw the attention of smokers to monitor their health. Thus, the World Health Organization recommends smokers, aged 55 to 74, who have consumed 25 cigarette packs a year or more, to make a contrast scan tomorrow. Detected in the early stages, lung cancer has maximum healing chances and surgical methods that have evolved spectacularly.