These types of cancer can be 100% preventable. Here's how
Cancer can often be prevented or prevented by a few changes in lifestyle or even by vaccination.
It is the seventh most common type of cancer, with 528,000 newly diagnosed cases worldwide in 2012, and is 100% preventable. This is caused by HPV virus infection. A number of measures may decrease the incidence of cervical cancer:
- Protected sexual contact with barrier methods (condom);
- HPV vaccination;
- Cervical cancer screening: Babies-Pap smear test.
All cases of Kaposi's sarcoma are associated with HHV8 infection. This is a rare neoplasm, with an incidence of 6 cases per million in the US and mainly affects immunocompromised people: HIV infection, organ transplant. By protecting yourself from HIV infection, by default, you protect yourself from this type of cancer.
Melanoma is a neoplasm known to be particularly aggressive, with a 5-year survival of 15-20%, in the case of metastatic stage. 95.1% of melanoma cases are preventable. These are associated with exposure to UV radiation. The incidence of melanoma can be reduced by limiting exposure to UV radiation. What do you have to do:
- Avoid exposure to the sun, especially in the middle of the day (10am to 4pm);
- Avoid sunburn;
- Avoid using artificial tanning methods;
- Do not expose young children (especially under 6 months of age) to the sun;
- Cover exposed areas with clothes, wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses;
- Use appropriate sunscreen (SPF) creams;
- Examine your skin (monthly) and consult a doctor (annually).
Lung cancer, the most common type of cancer, was responsible for 1.69 million deaths worldwide in 2015. Lung cancer is associated with avoidable risk factors in a proportion of 85.5%. The associated risk factors are:
- Smoking – the main risk factor, responsible for 81.7% of cases;
- Passive smoking (exposure to cigarette smoke), responsible for 2.7% of cases;
- Inappropriate diet through insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables: it is associated with 8.9% of lung cancer cases;
Read the full article on the report on theardard.ro to find out what other types of cancer can be avoided.