Type 1 diabetes in children: Signs and symptoms
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disorder. The child receiving such a diagnosis will treat insulin for life. In their case, good management of the disease is essential. Absence of treatment increases the risk of complications.
Here are the signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes:
- The sudden drop in weight,
- The baby is getting tired,
- Vomiting, nausea, lipothyroidism,
- There is an increased value of glycosylated hemoglobin.
Physicians say it is essential for parents to know the signs of diabetic ketoacidosis. Basically, they lead to the discovery of type 1 diabetes. In addition, they show that there is a high insulin deficiency in the child's body.
The main symptoms of ketoacidosis are:
- Severe dehydration,
- Ketone smell halena,
- Abdominal pain,
- The vomiting,
- Dizziness and sometimes loss of consciousness,
- Increases the risk of urinary tract infections,
- Thyroid dysfunctions occur.
What is the treatment:
When a child is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, insulin therapy will begin. Parents and children should be aware of the role of correct and regular blood glucose measurement. But also when the dose of insulin needs to be adjusted. Unfortunately, all children with type 1 diabetes will need insulin treatment. Typically, at least 2 injections per day of mixed formulas are a mixture of slow-release insulin and fast-release insulin.
Diet plays an essential role
At the same time, doctors say, diet and physical activity are essential to these little ones. Additionally, these will be made on the recommendation of the Diabetologist specialist and are customized for each child. Last but not least, carbohydrates should provide 55% of their energy intake, and up to 10% would be ideal to come from refined sweets. At the same time, fats should provide about 35% of daily intake, and 15% of protein.