Conjunctivitis is an ocular disorder manifested by inflammation of the conjunctiva. Disease is not a threat to sight, it heals quite quickly and does not let it go. Conjunctivitis is usually seen in young children and can affect one eye or both eyes. Ophthalmologic consultation is required and sometimes the doctor will prescribe a local or oral treatment.
The conjunctivitis eye is red, the baby will tear and fight with the local itch. It will also have a leakage of white-yellow secretions from the eyes.
Conjunctivitis is usually caused by a virus or a bacterial infection.Physicians point out that viral and bacterial infections are extremely contagious and urgent action is needed. These types of conjunctivitis are easily spread if the person in question does not have good hygiene, does not wash his hands, or divides items of personal hygiene with the diseased person.
The diagnosis of conjunctivitis is determined by the ophthalmologist after performing tests from the conjunctival secretions taken from the child. Very important is strict eye hygiene during treatment and later for the prevention of other illnesses.
Here are the main causes:
- viral infections, allergies – dust, pollen, make-up, irritant contact
- bacterial infections
- foreign intraocular body
There are also some factors that can irritate the eye. These are: air conditioning, sea water.
The main types of conjunctivitis are:
- Infectious conjunctivitis, caused by viruses, fungi or bacteria.
- Allergic conjunctivitis caused by an allergen.
- Irritable conjunctivitis that is caused by chemical or physical factors.
Infectious viral conjunctivitis. It is a condition that is also common in small children who go to collectivity. It is a very dangerous type of conjunctivitis, simply because it is easily transmitted. The good news is that it does not require treatment, it usually passes very easily.
Infectious conjunctivitis. It often occurs in children. Thus, the younger one wakes up in the morning with the eye almost glued, has yellow secretions and shows an irritating discomfort for a child. The most common bacteria that cause conjunctivitis are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Staphylococcus aureus. The cause of the illness is the inappropriate, superficial hygiene of the child. Specifically, it does not wash properly on your hands, put your dirty eye on your eyes or touch contaminated objects. Therefore, it is essential to teach your child to wash his hands properly and correctly. The treatment will consist of drops and / or ophthalmic ointments.
Allergic conjunctivitis. It is a conjunctivitis that is manifested seasonally. Practically, the adult or adult child comes into contact with certain allergens: pollen, flowers, or certain foods. The treatment will consist of the administration of antiallergics.