Meniere's disease is an internal ear disorder that causes vertigo, fluctuating neurosensory hearing loss and tinnitus. The main manifestations of this condition are: vertigo but also sudden and strong dizziness. At present, there is no cure to cure this condition.
Most of the time, the disease affects only one ear. The disease can occur at any age, but usually occurs in people aged between 40 and 50 years.
Symptoms of the disease worsen over time, Meniere being a progressive disease. For example, there may first be a problem of hearing loss and only then the patient has vertigo. Also, once the disease progresses, the symptoms evolve. Thus, the patient may have constant problems with balance.
The main signs and symptoms of the disease are:
- The presence of vertigo. It occurs in the form of episodes, has a spontaneous onset and lasts between 20 minutes and a few hours.
- Feeling nausea and vomiting.
- Hearing loss.
- The ringing in the ears appears.
- The feeling of pressure in the ear,
- Increase pulse.
The causes of this chronic illness are not yet well known, but researchers claim that the trigger factor is the abnormal volume of fluid in the inner ear. Specialists also argue that a number of causes could lead to the disease. Thus, acute viral infections, intoxications, vascular disorders, allergic reactions, migraines. It is believed that genetic inheritance has a say in the development of the disease.
Diagnosis is difficult to establish, the doctor will recommend a multitude of tests and investigations that will examine balance, hearing. The patient will perform audiometry tests, balancing tests. Differential diagnosis is also important because the symptoms of the disease are similar to those of brain tumors or multiple sclerosis. In this case, the doctor will recommend performing an MRI at the head or CT.
What is the treatment:
Unfortunately, Meniere's disease is a chronic condition that does not heal. However, there are a number of treatments that can improve symptoms and increase the quality of life for the patient. Some patients can receive medical treatment, and serious cases are operational. Physiotherapy, hearing aids are also helpful. Last but not least, doctors say dietary change has the role of reducing the amount of fluid in the inner ear, but it also helps to relieve symptoms. Thus, the patient must diminish or completely exclude from his diet: salt, caffeine, chocolate, alcohol. Hydration is also important, it is recommended to consume at least 2 liters of water per day.