What all women need to know about urinary tract infections. These symptoms give alarm
After the cold, the urinary tract infection is perhaps the most common condition of a woman. Specifically, more than 50% of women have at least once in their life such a medical problem.
In addition, statistical data shows that worldwide infections are the most common urinary tract infections.
The main cause: Escherichia coli bacteria
Urologists say that in 80% of cases the bacterium involved is Escherichia coli (E. coli), a microbe that is normally found in the colon and anus. This bacterium colonizes and infects the urinary tract leading to the appearance of cystitis, pyelonephritis. But perhaps the most serious problem is that these infections reappear extremely often. Sometimes a woman can have 2 infections in the same year.
The penetration of germs into the urinary tract is done either by the bloodstream or by contaminating the urethra with germs removed through the stool, which are found in the anal and perineal area. Most of the times poor hygiene but also contamination by sexual intercourse are responsible for the germs entering the urinary tract.
What are the signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections:
- Frequent urination followed by the feeling of heavy urination,
- There are localized pain in the lower back,
- Nausea, vomiting, dizziness,
- Urine is cloudy and has a bad, altered odor,
In order to diagnose this type of infection it is necessary for the patient to have a summary of urine and a cytobacteriological examination. In order to carry out a correct cytobacteriological examination, it is necessary to respect the conditions of urine sampling, namely: correct toilet of the perineal area, collecting urine from the middle urinary stream and from the first morning urine which is the most concentrated. After the result of the laboratory tests, the specialist doctor will find out if further examinations are needed. More precisely from an abdominal-pelvic ultrasound or urography.
The specialist urologist can recommend following the analyzes and depending on the particulars presented by the patient, his treatment and duration. In most cases, antibiotics but also anti-inflammatories will be prescribed.