What are the symptoms of tick bite and what you need to be careful about
Summer, holiday, outdoors and lots of greenery. This is the summer season for everyone. To enjoy holidays or summer days, we need to keep our health. Therefore, be extremely careful when your child is playing outdoors. Ticks can transmit extremely serious conditions.
Among the most dangerous conditions you can take from a tick are: Lyme disease but also tickle encephalitis.
Here's what you need to do if you find a tick on your skin:
- First do not be scared. Stay calm so you can control the situation.
- Do not forget that they are microbial carriers. But not all ticks transmit infectious diseases.
- Note that disease prophylaxis after a tick bite is achieved by administering a single dose of antibiotic, but only at the recommendation of the physician. That's why you go to the doctor! He will examine you and only he should extract the tick from your skin.
- Keep in mind that these things prefer the hot and humid areas of the body. Once it has reached the body, the tick will migrate to the axillary, groin or hair area. That's why, once you come out, it examines every area of the body well, it's easy to see the tick attached to your skin.
The main symptoms of the bite are:
Ideally there would be symptoms. But these are not always present. There is also the probability that you will not have any symptoms. When a person is allergic, he or she may experience the following manifestations: pain, rash, burning sensation, swelling in the stomach, sometimes even difficulty in breathing. There may also be symptoms such as dizziness, headache, joint or muscle pain, neck stiffness, fever, lymph nodes being swollen.
Doctors warn year after year that it is extremely important not to remove the tick from your skin alone. In other words, the tick does not snap, because its head will remain trapped inside the skin and will be very difficult to remove. Only the doctor knows how to remove it correctly, so you should go to the specialist or the hospital. Subsequently, it is the doctor who will prescribe antibiotic treatment for prophylactic purposes.
If you still can not get to a doctor and have to take out the tick, take into account the following tips: use a tweezers with the tip to remove the tick without touching the body. After removing it, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. Subsequently, clean the wound with warm water then apply a disinfectant to the area. And then you go to the doctor.
The tick can transmit the following conditions:
- Lyme disease – an infection that affects the whole body and is produced by Borrelia burgdoferi. The diagnosis can be made at the hospital after blood tests have been made. More precisely by testing IgG and IgM antibodies against Borrdelia burgdorferi. Remember: the main symptoms of the disease are: fever, headache, fatigue, rash. The eruption occurs 3-40 days after the bite occurred. Attention, in the absence of treatment, the complications are serious because the infection reaches the heart and the central nervous system.
- Tissue transmitted encephalitis – is a viral infection, a disease with central nervous system manifestations. The disease has as manifestations: fever, headache, dizziness, symptoms such as meningitis or encephalitis.
- Babesiosis – Symptoms of this disease caused by a parasite that infects eritoricites and transmitted through the tick are similar to those encountered in cold. The disease is treated with antibiotics, unfortunately there is no vaccine.