What is mumps and how do we prevent it?

What is mumps and how do we prevent it?

The period called "epidemic parotiditis" has an incubation period of 14-18 days, occurs frequently in winter and spring and is a highly contagious disease. In other words, mumps is contagious 6 days prior to the first manifestations and 4 days after its onset.

Oreion is a contagious disease caused by a virus that passes from one person to another through saliva, nasal secretions and close personal contact. More specifically, it is acute and transmissible infectious disease produced by the urine virus. The most affected by the virus infection are children, statistics show that 85% of cases occur in children under 15 who have not been vaccinated, although they may also occur in adults.

The main symptoms are:

  • High fever at onset – 38-39 degrees Celsius, fever lasting a few days,
  • Shivering,
  • Severe headache,
  • Asthenia,
  • Strong fatigue,
  • Muscle pain,
  • Ear Pain,
  • Loss of appetite,
  • Vomiting,
  • Loose and odorous language,
  • Chewing pain,
  • Reduced salivary secretion.

Oreion can only appear on one side of the face or even both. A few days the temperature stays high, and the sore throat is becoming stronger, the ingestion of food becomes more and more difficult, and the mouth becomes dry. Generally, disease progression is mild in younger age, increasing in severity with age (after 14 years) when it can affect the mammary gland, pancreas, central nervous system and testicles. Statistical data show that the rate among young adults has increased over the past two decades.

diagnosis:

The child is clinically evaluated by the pediatrician and undergoes certain investigations such as a haemogram. There will also be an increase in serum amylase.

Possible complications of mumps:

  • Parotiditis (inflammation of parotid salivary glands) usually occurs 24 to 48 hours after the onset of the disease and is bilateral.
  • Orchitis (inflammation of the testes) is quite common. In rare cases it leads to secondary sterility.
  • Ovoforitis (ovarian inflammation) is rare and does not usually lead to sterility.
  • Urine meningitis is a common manifestation of mumps and is manifested by headache, nausea, vomiting, seizures.
  • Urinary pancreatitis.
  • Interstitial pneumonia
  • Conjunctivitis
  • myocarditis
  • Migratory poliarthritis
  • Encephalitis
  • Sterility

In particular, mumps can lead to swelling and swelling of the brain and other organs. Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) and meningitis (inflammation of the mucosa of the brain and spinal cord) are both possible complications of mumps. Symptoms begin in the first week after swelling of the parotid glands. These may include high fever, rigid neck, headache, nausea and vomiting, somnolence and seizures. Doctors also warn that mumps in adolescents and adult men can lead to orchitis – an inflammation of the testicles. Usually, a testicle becomes swollen and painful about 7-10 days after the swelling of the parotids. In some cases, both testicles are involved. Other symptoms include high fever, trembling, headache, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain (sometimes wrong for appendicitis if the right testicle is affected). It is possible that this problem will lead to sterility in the case of the man who has mumps in his youth.

What is the treatment:

There will be isolation of the baby at home for 3 weeks, the younger will have bed rest, physical exercise will be avoided. He will eat soft, light, hot foods. Antiterrhetics will be taken at the pediatrician's recommendation for fever and headache.

How to Prepare:

It is done by vaccinating the child at the age of one year and then at 7 years old, in the 1st class. Vaccines available in Romania: ROR or PRIORIX.

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