Why do joint pain occur when the weather changes

Why do joint pain occur when the weather changes

Meteorosensitivity is the amplification of the symptoms of certain diseases in the atmospheric variations, in the sense of amplifying the clinical expression of the disease that can evolve after an initial stage of adaptation to aggravating decompensation situations.

Meteodependence is three times more common in women than in men. But we must not be afraid and believe that changing the weather makes us sick. It only accentuates certain latent sufferings that we already have.

Headaches, dizziness, weakness, joint pain, rheumatic seizures, nervousness or excessive sweating are the most common symptoms experienced by people who are dependent on it. The manifestations differ from one person to another and increase in intensity with age and the diseases that each patient has.

An example of suffering from atmospheric disturbances is osteoarthritis. Pain is one of the earliest symptoms of osteoarthritis. In this disease, the bone changes produced by the destruction of the articular cartilage cause the receptors at the bone level to feel atmospheric disturbances and the pain is more intense.

The most common locations of osteoarthritis are the joints of the spine, the knees, the coxofemoral joints and some joints of the fingers or toes. There are several joints that are not affected by osteoarthritis. These are the joints of the fist, ankle, elbow. In addition to the pain exacerbated by cold, moisture and physical exertion, patients with osteoarthritis also notice limiting joint movements and even deformation of the affected joints. The joint pains that appear with the atmospheric disturbances orient the diagnosis to osteoarthritis and eliminate the suspicions of severe inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

"I have unbearable pain when the weather changes"

Prolonged exposure to cold can trigger a rheumatic seizure or vascular spasm in the fingers or toes. Not only the cold and the moisture do bad in rheumatic diseases. Exposure to the sun or to ultraviolet rays can contribute to the onset of systemic lupus erythematosus, especially in young women with a genetic predisposition for this disease.

"I suffer from ankylosing spondylitis and, when the weather changes, my pains are almost unbearable, I go to paralysis, I do not escape the urge except with soothing as strong as possible, and the ointments are often rainwater. The rigidity of the column, of the movements is almost reduced to the maximum. I feel the transition from one state of the weather to another many hours before, sometimes even days ”, says Elena Constantin, 41 years old.

She also complains that these conditions are accompanied by nervousness, irascibility, which she can hardly master and, at work, the yield is very low.

Rheumatic patients experience pressure changes long before they occur, but we do not know the mechanism. The patients must be treated according to the symptoms, and for pain, analgesics are the most handy, but medical gymnastics is the most important medicine ”, explained Carina Mihai, rheumatologist at the Cantacuzino Hospital in Bucharest

In the case of osteoarthritis, it is necessary to avoid the cold, the humidity, and at the time of the onset of pain it is indicated the use of antiallergic drugs of type paracetamol, tramadol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, only with medical prescription. Cold-induced vascular spasm can be counteracted by the use of gloves, smoking cessation, and the administration of vasodilatory drugs. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus are advised to avoid sun exposure and use of ultraviolet protective creams with a protective factor greater than 25.

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